Waterfowl depend on water. They nest on water, raise their young there, and feed in or near water. Without suitable nesting and wintering sites, waterfowl will not survive. Between 1940 and 1964, over forty-five million acres of wetlands were drained throughout the country. Protection of wetlands is vital to waterfowl survival. A major goal of waterfowl management is to blunt the impact of man's activities on ducks and geese. Poole discusses what has been done in the past, what is being done today, and what wildlife agencies hope to do in the future, and why.