The 1994 N.C. Birth Cohort Survey, conducted by the State Center for Health Statistics, studied the June, 1994, resident birth population at ages two to four months. Data included infant sleeping positions and domestic violence during pregnancy.
In North Carolina and across the United States, birth rates have steadily fallen over the past several decades. In recent years, however, both the birth rate and the induced abortion rate of older women have risen, and first-time births among women of ages thirty and older have risen sharply. Problems that may be associated with delayed and limited childbearing are examined and discussed in this report.
The major cause of low birth weight is preterm delivery. This study examined multiple factors that influence preterm birth risk, particularly, the effect of the neighborhood context on the incidence of preterm birth. The results found that disadvantaged neighborhoods were associated with higher odds of preterm birth.
The causes of two birth defect conditions, congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and oesophageal atresia (OA), are poorly understood. An analysis of TEF and OA clusters suggests that women who are within early stages of pregnancy during times of high incidence of Type A influenza are at higher risk of giving birth to a child with TEF or OA.
This study examined the number of North Carolina resident deliveries of live births and fetal deaths according to illegitimate, premarital, and postmarital conceptions. The results showed striking similarities between the premarital and illegitimate populations. Fetal and infant mortality were significantly higher in the illegitimate group than the other two groups.
Widespread concern about the social, economic and health consequences of teenage pregnancy has led to a statewide effort to reduce these pregnancies. This report focuses on the recent childbearing and abortion patterns of North Carolina teenagers.
A study was conducted using North Carolina birth data for 1974-1976 to determine if differences occur in the distribution of births by certain variables of time. Births by day of week, month, season of year, and lunar phase were examined.