Seven cubic feet of papers (1857-2011) collected by local historian Edward Ellis are related to Havelock, N.C., history, New Bern, N.C., history, the Civil War, Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station, Sir Henry Havelock and Ellis's publications. Items included are aerial photographs (1938/1939, 1950) of Craven, Pamlico and Carteret counties, N.C.; New Bern Civil War-related sheet music, two issues of The New York Times (1862); issues of The Illustrated London News, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Harper's Weekly and The New York Times (1857), emphera, engravings, prints and an image on glass related to Sir Henry Havelock; Havelock Tobacco caddy labels; Havelock Progress newspaper negatives (1981-1983); photographs used in Ellis's book Historic Images of Havelock and Cherry Point (2010); manuscripts for Ellis's books In This Small Place (2005), and New Bern History 101 (2009); and four cubic feet of historical files relating to Havelock and New Bern, N.C., Cherry Point, the Civil War, genealogy and other historical topics. Also included are a short history of the Second Marine Aircraft Wing, and ninety-seven photographs (1941) with corresponding indexes and map documenting property adjoining Havelock, N.C. prior to demolition of buildings for construction of Cherry Point Marine Air Station. The photographs include scenes of farm houses, barns, outbuildings, fishing camps, fields, roads, and waterways.
Edward Barnes Ellis, Jr., donor of this collection, has researched and preserved the history of Havelock, North Carolina, and the surrounding area for many decades. He was named the official historian of Havelock, North Carolina, in 1984. A Craven County, North Carolina, native, he served in the N.C. General Assembly for four years as a legislative representative for state employees, although for most of his career, he has engaged in the newspaper business as a reporter, photographer, columnist, editor and publisher. Eddie is the founder of the Havelock News and the former publisher of Cherry Point's Windsock, and he has written several books including In This Small Place, New Bern History 101, and Historic Images of Havelock and Cherry Point.
Havelock is located in Craven County, North Carolina. Its name is derived from Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857), a British officer who became famous during the Indian Rebellion of 1857-1859 (also known as the First War of Independence and Sepoy Mutiny). While the area had been inhabited at least since the 1850s when it was called "Havelock Station" when the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad built a depot there and the Cherry Point Marine Air Station had been established in 1941, Havelock was not formally established as a town until 1959. As of 2010, the town had a population of just over 20,000.
Cherry Point Marine Air Station is located at the foot of the great Outer Banks, approximately ninety miles west-southwest of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. In July 1941, after an authorization by Congress, clearing of swamps, farmland and timberland totaling some eight thousand acres began. In November (only seventeen days before the attack on Pearl Harbor) initial construction of the station commenced. The facility was originally commissioned on May 20, 1942 as Cunningham Field, in honor of Lt. Col. Alfred A. Cunningham, the Marine Corps' first aviator. The name Cherry Point, taken from a local post office set among cherry trees, was later applied to the facility.
The initial purpose of the station was a training facility during World War II for Marines bound for service in The Pacific Theater, as well as a base for anti-submarine operations. During the Korean and Vietnam wars, Cherry Point assisted by supplying a steady supply of replacement aviation personnel. With the deployment of several squadrons, the station played a major role in the victory in Southwest Asia during Operation Desert Storm.
Source: Official website of MCAS Cherry Point, NC
This collection contains ninety-seven photographs and a few documents pertaining to the future site of Cherry Point Marine Air Station. The photographs document land and structures before clearing took place to build the facility. The forty-two homes that existed on the property are shown in the photographs along with farmhouses, outbuildings, several vehicles, fields, roads, waterways and a service station. The area was photographed as part of government contract NOy 4957 during August and September 1941, a few months before the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The photographs contain tract numbers that correspond to a map still retained by Ellis. According to Ellis, by the time the photographs were taken most of the homes in the photographs had been abandoned and some had already been razed. Those that did remain were razed soon after the photographs were taken. At least one settlement that was dislocated by the construction of Cherry Point was Little Witness. Little Witness was an African- American settlement at the intersection of Hancock Creek and the Beaufort Road (Highway 101). Ellis later recorded interviews of original residents, but these are not part of the collection.
The photographs in this collection were given to the donor, Edward B. Ellis Jr., by the Secretary to the Commanding General at Cherry Point. Ellis made copies of the photographs and gave sets to the Cherry Point Command Historian, the Alfred A. Cunningham Air Museum and the new Little Witness Church of Havelock, NC. He also kept some for his personal archives.
The photographs in Box 1, Folder c were taken on August 3, 1941 by Wooten-Moulton Studios of New Bern, North Carolina. Photograph #6 is missing from the collection and photograph #10 is signed and dated by G. Moulton on the back.
The photographs in Box 1, Folder d were taken on August 28-29, 1941. Roy Eubanks of Beaufort, North Carolina was the photographer. Photographs #8D, #24 are missing, and #28 is erroneously labeled as "another" #23. According to Ellis, the building in photograph #24 was the schoolhouse at the settlement of Little Witness.
The photographs in Box 1, Folder e were taken on September 15-16, 1941. The photographer is unknown. Photograph #4 is missing. According to Ellis, the church in photograph #4 was the church at the settlement of Little Witness.
Among the documents are three indexes (duplicated in the container list for the collection) by Ellis describing each photograph. Another document composed by Ellis offers further provenance of the photographs and history of the area. The last document is a short history of the Second Marine Aircraft Wing, first commissioned in July 1941 in San Diego, California. This division was moved to Cherry Point in 1946.
Also included is an ownership map (June 1941 Public Works Drawing No. 2063, 30.5" x 24") of lands taken by the U. S. Government for the proposed Cherry Point Marine Aviation Base at Cherry Point, North Carolina. This item was surveyed and mapped by the U. S. Forest Service. The map is keyed to photographs included in the collection.
Additions to this collection have further expanding on the history of Havelock and its neighboring areas and the Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station. Additionally, items regarding Ellis' own works and efforts in acquiring historical materials have been compiled in recent additions to the collection. Several of his published works are found within the Havelock Historical Files sections, alongside a multitude of other published materials.
The second box of this collection contains materials related to Sir Henry Havelock, the namesake of the town of Havelock, and a few items related to Cherry Point and the United States Navy. There are several newspaper articles related to Havelock during the British capture of India; these papers include Harper's Weekly, December 19, 1857; Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 19, 1857; The Illustrated London News, September 5, 1857, September 12, 1857, and September 19, 1857. The other items in this box related to Havelock included tobacco caddies from the 1880s. U.S. military photographs include naval stations during the WW2 and a variety of photographs related to aircrafts stationed at Cherry Point.
Box 3 contains aerial shots taken by Talbert Adams from 1938-1939 covering Craven, Carteret, and Pamlico counties in North Carolina. Ellis has provided a brief biography of Adams and descriptions of the photographs included. The bulk of the photographs come from Pamlico County, and are organized by two series, AOK and AOS. A few photographs contain descriptions of locations captured, but the majority of the photographs are left blank. There are approximately 258 photos taken by Adams in this box.
Box 4 contains an assortment of materials; notably again relating to Henry Havelock and Cherry Point Air Station. There is a small amount of material on political campaigns and the conversion of Magnolia Plantation into Carolina Pines. Furthermore, there are several primary materials relating to the Havelock and New Bern regions during the nineteenth century; this includes a statement on a Confederate attempt to recapture New Bern during the Civil War, a painting of turpentine gathering in North Carolina, letters with transcriptions, and an ad for the selling of property. There is a good deal of material related to Ellis' work, How Havelock Got Its Name, including maps and portraits of Henry Havelock, alongside his notes. Materials on Cherry Point Air Station in this box are primarily photographs; again these are of aircraft, personnel, officers, and of airship carriers. Additional Havelock items are excerpts from a notebook of Ellis, which contains photo-copies of pictures, historical articles, books, and correspondence Ellis had with other historians.
Boxes 5 and 6 contain memorabilia related to Henry Havelock. Included in box five are a variety of tobacco related items with depictions of Havelock, or simply named after him. These include Havelock brand cigarettes, an assortment of tobacco mixture products, and a steel match box. Box six contains a variety of memorabilia related to Havelock; notable are several stereographic pictures of scenes relating to battles in Lucknow, India as well as poetry regarding the death of Havelock in India. A Civil War union case with a depiction of Havelock is also included in box six. There is also a glass photograph of the S.S. Havelock.
Box 7 contains photographs and negatives taken or collected by Ellis. There are forty-three negatives from picture found in the Havelock Progress from 1981-1983 collected here. Photographs relating to the construction of Cherry Point are also present. Included with this are additional pictures of personnel, sites around the base, aircrafts, and so on. Lastly, this box contains images found in Ellis' Historic Images of Havelock and Cherry Point photo collection; a copy of the collection is also contained here. These photographs depict the people and places of Havelock in the early 20th century, as well as a few photocopies of portraits from the 19th century. Of further note are a handful of stereographic images found in this box which talk about collecting turpentine in Georgia.
Box 8 contains an assortment of materials collected by Ellis, namely his dealings with the Cherry Point Air Station newspaper, the Windstock; this includes government contracts, applications, and correspondences with the maintaining of the paper under Ellis' publishing company. Notable with these items is a dispute with the Sun Journal over coverage of the Cherry Point 50th anniversary program; the regulations for presenting federal items and drawing connections with military organizations is highlighted through the correspondence on this matter. Other items in this box include notes on Marine photographer Marvin Gottlieb, Ellis' correspondence and information on Carroway Farms, and assorted publications of Ellis. There is a portfolio of the Ellis' publishing company in this box, which was presented when his company applied to make the Windstock paper. Additionally, there is a Ledger containing information on zoning regulations, building codes, and various ordinances with Havelock county from1966-1975.
The bulk of this collection is comprised of four boxes containing an assortment of documents collected and written by Ellis regarding the town of Havelock and its history, Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station, and the surrounding areas. Each box has been sorted by alphabetical order; A-D, E-H, H-M, and M-W. Included in these boxes are materials related to a variety of individuals and families from the Havelock area, as well as major events and businesses related to the town. Three additional boxes are comprised from materials from this part of the collection; one on Havelock and Croatan county areas during the Civil war, One on WW2 materials related to Ellis' father, Edward Ellis, Sr., and one on New Bern, NC. There are also three oversized folders containing newspapers, maps, and property plans taken from this portion of the collection. Havelock Historical Files box A-D is notable for the volume of material related to Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station contained within. This includes records on the acquisition of public lands to create the air station in the 1940s, and its general history into the 1990s. There is a good deal of assorted memorabilia; including comics, DVDs, air show programs, and programs related to its 50th anniversary. There are several Archeological Consultant Research papers and surveys on Cherry Point including in this box; these outline the lands around Cherry Point and have information regarding items such as local graves in the area. Additionally there is a report, History of U.S. Marine Corps Air Station at Cherry Point, NC 1941-1945, included in this box, which details the beginnings of Cherry Point. Of particular interest may be a flight manual from Cherry Point. (1947) While the bulk of this box contains items on Cherry Point, there is a considerable amount of material on Havelock at large. Ellis has collected a variety of newspapers, photos, and general information on prominent residents and groups within Havelock; box A-D has material on Ed Blair, Gertrude Carroway, Alice Bayer, Graham Barden, Donald Colgazien, Wallace Conner, Civitan Club, and the Brimsley Brothers. General assorted items include Havelock community pages, a census for Craven County (1986), the creation of Camp Bryan (1899), material and photos of the first shopping center establish in Havelock (1948), and notes of the Croatan National Forest (1987-1998). Ellis has also collected materials on Jim Davis, one of the original founders of a printed press in North Carolina; there is a book of excerpts from the New Bern Gazette with this material. (1751-1790) Box E-H similarly contains information on several individuals from Havelock County; Charles Ellis, William Garton, Marcus Garven, Arthur Edwards, and J.R. Forest. There are materials for the Hardee, Havelock, Durant, and Earp families collected in this box; the complete Hardee family history is compiled with fragmented histories for the other two families. The majority of the rest of this box is related to assorted Havelock materials; this includes documents on the Creation of the Havelock Historical Exhibit, guidebooks and brochures on the town, transcripts of town historical program "Havelock Today", and items on Havelock's 50th anniversary. Ellis has collected a few materials related to colonial interests; these are a set of colonial records regarding Craven County, and a NC Historical Review journal on New Bern circa 1700-1800. Several guidebooks are included which outline not only Havelock, but Cherry Point as well. (1954-1966)Furthermore there are a few maps regarding boundaries and property lines for Havelock and Cherry Point. Other notable items include government records and correspondence from the 1950s and the creation of Havelock county courts. A considerable amount of campaign related to Launch Faircloth's 1984 NC governor race is found in this box as well; there are newspaper articles in the Carolina Farmer related to his campaign in the third oversized folder. Individuals noted in Box H-M include Kenneth Jones, William and Lousie Jackson, William Koschick, Tom Haywood. Included with this is a 2008 interview conducted by Ellis with Jesse Helms. Family records included in this box relate to the Holton, Hunter, and Loftin families. This box contains a variety of community documents, including assorted newspaper articles and ephemera related to the Havelock chili festival up until 1985. There is a good deal of materials on the Havelock Retail Merchant Association, a group which predated the Board of Commerce for Havelock, and ran from 1953-1960. There are several folders related to the Police, Fire, and Emergency rescue departments of Havelock County; emergency codes and location codes for the Havelock rescue department are found, as well as patches and business headers for much of Havelock's emergency departments. In regards to police documents in this box, notable are the murder investigations Ellis' has collected materials on; these are primarily associated with cases involving incidents with personnel from Cherry Point. Items on Ellis' friend Detective William Rodson, the Joel Long murder investigation, the Rodney Ropp disappearance, and the investigation of Dominick Krango are found within this box. Materials on the Tuscarora Indians related to the Tuscarora War have been included in this box as well. Another point of interest in this box is further information on the use of the former Magnolia Plantation to create Carolina Pines golf course. This box also contains a number of printed materials by Ellis and others. A collection of photographs by Ellis, entitled Historic images of Havelock and Cherry Point, document scenes, locations, and people in the two areas. Ellis has also collected two other works in this box; Abraham Lincoln, a Native of NC by one G.G. Evans, SR. and "Havelock Report on Incorporation" by Warren Wicker; the former discusses the longstanding rumor that Lincoln was originally born in Western North Carolina. Lastly there is Ellis' book, In This Small Place, which discusses the history of Havelock and Craven Counties; included are the final printed version, along with Ellis' manuscript and the 8th revision. Finally of interest, there are a few assorted items relating to Ellis' investigation into the KKK in the Havelock region including in a folder on his personal materials in this box. Box M-W is the last of the Havelock Historical paper bulk boxes. Individuals included in this box are Kissie Sykes (related to ghost stories around Cherry Point), Elmer Thompson, Eugene Smith, Richard Rice, Vince McMahon, Walter Wynne, K.E. Tilton, Henry Witten, J.D. Oliver, Tom Mylett, Charles Markey, and Francisco Miranda. Military items in this box include memorabilia related to Cherry Point 1987-1992, and assorted materials and correspondence on Operation Desert Storm. There is a transcript of President Truman's visit to Cherry Point from 1948. Broader Havelock materials included in this box are documents on moonshining in the region, newspaper articles on the Havelock Time Capsule buried in 1984, Postmaster records for the town up until 1987, and soul surveys for Havelock and Craven Counties. There are numerous items related to early Havelock in this box; notable examples include attempts to drill for oil near the town, articles related to the town before the establishment of Cherry Point, early newspapers, and the history of Trader's Store in Havelock. There are a few items related to assorted locations around the Havelock region; Money Island, Tyron Palace, Treasure Cove, and Neusiok Trail. Lastly there is an article entitled, The Impact of Cherry Point Marine Air Corps Station Upon Local Settlement, by Reuel Piet which discusses the impact the base has had on Havelock. There is considerable material on Cherry Point and the Marine Corps as a whole in this box. Three unofficial guidebooks outline the history, purpose, and impacts of the Cherry Point station on the surrounding communities. (1971-1982) Included as well is an economic brochure explaining Cherry Point's expenses and revenue with regards to the surrounding populations. With regards to the Marine Corps, two small booklets outline details regarding the history of the marines from 1775-1981 and the weaponry used by the Marines as it was in 1981. A final point of interest in this box, regarding Cherry Point, is several personnel lists for the base circa 1986.
Ellis' items collected on the Civil War contain primarily copied web pages and other materials collected online. The major focus of this material collected is directed at the Union capture of New Bern in 1862. Ellis has collected a variety of archived primary materials included correspondence, recollections of events, photographs of soldiers, portraits of battles, and newspaper articles from the time. Additionally, there is a number of second hand materials printed off by Ellis; notable in this are several articles from the nineteenth century on the Battle of New Bern. There are several photographs and papers related to Union general Ambrose Burnside, the leading general for the Union in the capture of New Bern. Ellis also has a copy of the Levi Kent journal. Other items in this box include memorabilia such as a Confederate soldier calendar from 1990. While these items are printed copies, Ellis has provided copies of primarily original documentation, with little second hand material collected.
There are a few materials related to the Town of New Bern drawn from the Havelock Historical files. Notable here is Ellis' own work, New Bern History 101, a work outlining the History of the town, also included is the manuscript to this piece. Other items include a catalogue of plants native to the town from 1837, which was photocopied and given to Ellis, and several town newspapers. There is material from a "Best in Our State" Seminar Ellis attended and spoke at in 2010; this includes programs for the event. Additionally, there are two historical guide books related to New Bern from 1939 in this box.
Box 16 contains materials related to Edward Ellis, SR.'s military employment, and other assorted WW2 era items. Military correspondences regarding Ellis, as well as official records and post service memos are included. A variety of certifications and awards Ellis earned throughout his periods of service are also found in this box. Of note is a congratulatory letter signed by President Truman expressed towards to all those who served in the war. Included as well is a Daughters of the Confederacy medal awarded to Ellis, Sr. posthumously. There is a variety of material related to the Forrest family as well, namely correspondence through the use of V-mail. Also notable is a booklet entitled; The Seventy-First Came to Gunskirche Lager. This piece documents the U.S. 71st infantry's liberation of the Gunskirche Lager concentration camp, with photographs and firsthand accounts of the camp. Finally there are WW2 ration booklets belonging to Ellis, Sr. and J.R. Forrest, which also contain the guidelines for using materials during wartime. Lastly, there are several oversized materials taken from the Havelock Historical Files section of this collection. These are primarily newspapers relating to events and individuals in Havelock from the 1950s-2000s. Additionally, there are several property maps relating to various locations around the town found in the oversized folders. Papers found this section of the collection include the now discontinued Havelock Progress, The Havelock News, The Shopper, Carolina Farmer, The Havelock Journal, and The Gaston Gazette. It is of note that the second of these oversized folders does include three copies of the New York Times; Dec. 1857, Feb.1862, and March 1862. Included in the fourth folder are the proposed boundary maps for Havelock in 1955, as well as a 1952 map regarding businesses in the area. Also included in the fourth folder are several plans and documents regarding the Havelock Historical Exhibit.
Additions #3 and #4 contains further materials related to Havelock. Addition #3 is a compilation of materials found in the Havelock Historical Files, titled Memories of Old Havelock, N.C., Correspondence with Johnny Dean Oliver, documents Havelock's past with photographs and interviews between Ellis and brothers Dean and Braxton Oliver. Addition #4 contains a variety of political stickers and pins relating to various North Carolina campaigns from the 1960s-1990s; these includes campaigns of Jim Gardner, Richardson Preyer, Terry Sanford, Jim Hunt, Jimmy Green, Lauch Faircloth, Rufus Edmisten, Jesse Helms, Ike Andrews, and Beverly Perdue.
Gift of Edward B. Ellis, Jr.
Processed by Naomi Winkelman, April 29, 2003
Encoded by Mark Custer, January 8, 2008
J.Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University owns copyright to the collection. Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.