Known for its highest elevation of any county in North Carolina, Yancey, encompasses 311 square miles and contains the tallest peak in eastern America, Mt. Mitchell. Although established in December 1833, records indicate that settlers inhabited the region as far back as 1778. The first road built in the region was in 1840 and the railroad arrived in 1901. Yancey, primarily a lumber region, survived off agricultural endeavors as well, specifically apples and dairy products.