New Bern, with maritime roots, became known as a major shipping port by the mid-eighteenth century. This helped to establish its place in the triangular trade and as the most populous town by the Revolution period. The War of 1812 and Civil War negatively impacted the trade-built economy. In fact, recovery by the 1870s occurred through growth in another industry: lumbering. Concerning its more current economy, industries contributing to its fiscal health since the nineteenth century were also transportation based: railroads and trucking.