Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for Tar Heel Junior Historian Vol. 49 Issue 2, Spring 2010
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By September 7, 1934, all Gaston County mills were closed due to strike. The strike began in Alabama when the United Textile Workers leaders called for strike in response to long hours and low wages. The strike prompted National Guards and police squads to restore order at places like Kannapolis where 1,200 Cannon mill workers were striking.
In the Great Depression era, school children experienced public education very differently depending on their race. African American students attended more one-room schools and received less funding than white counterparts. Native American students often were refused at public schools, sent off to missionary schools in which English was the only allowed language.
The Works Progress Administration (WPA), a New Deal agency, employed 125,000 of the state's men and women. These people of all races completed 3,984 jobs across the state between 1935 and 1940. A variety of projects were completed from construction of new facilities and records made of rural folk artists.
\"Living-at-Home\" was a Great Depression era program designed to teach the state's residents about food production and preservation. Governor O. Max Gardner introduced the plan on December 4, 1929.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt developed the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) as part of his New Deal plan to aid young men during the Great Depression. CCC camps were not predetermined to be segregated but poor race relations in the south made it necessary separate African American and white workers. In North Carolina between 1933 and 1942, eleven African American CCC camps functioned across the state and performed tasks building roads, clearing forests, and planting vegetation to lessen soil erosion.
The state's farmers suffered greatly during the Great Depression because this group had already experienced difficulties in the decade before. Governors O. Max Gardner and J.C.B. Ehringhaus were charged with providing aid to this especially destitute demographic. Several New Deal programs targeted the plight of farmers like the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) the Resettlement Administration (RA).