About Northampton County
Northampton County, which is located in the northeastern part of North Carolina, is bounded on the north by the Virginia border; on the west and south by the Roanoke River and Halifax County; and on the east by Bertie and Hertford counties. The area is 541 square miles (346,240 acres). The elevation of the county varies from 5 feet along the Meherrin River in the extreme northeastern corner to nearly 360 feet at Vulture in the northwestern corner.
Northampton County, named in honor of the Earl of Northampton, was formed in 1741 from part of Bertie County. Originally inhabited by Native Americans of the Tuscarora tribe, the region was settled by primarily English immigrants. The first county seat was Atherton, but it was moved to Jackson in 1826 and remains there to this day.