About Chowan County
Chowan County, which is located in the northeastern part of North Carolina, is bounded on the north by Gates County; on the west by the Chowan River and Bertie and Hertford counties; on the south by Albemarle Sound; and on the east by Perquimans County. The area is 178 square miles (113,920 acres). The elevation of the county ranges from sea level along its southern border to nearly 50 feet in the northern part.
Chowan County, named after the local Chowanog tribe of Native Americans, was formed in 1670 as a precinct of Albemarle County. The early European settlers of the region were of mostly English descent. The county seat of Edenton, which is one of the most historic towns in North Carolina, was established in 1720.