About Camden County
Camden County, which is located in the northeastern part of North Carolina, is bounded on the north by the Virginia border; on the west by Gates and Pasquotank counties; on the south by Albemarle Sound; and on the east by Currituck County. The area is 220 square miles (153,913 acres). The elevation of the county ranges from near sea level in the southern section to 24 feet in the northwestern corner.
Camden County, named for Sir Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden, an English nobleman, was formed in 1777 from part of Pasquotank County. Native Americans of the Chowanog and Pasquotank tribes originally inhabited the area. English colonists from Virginia settled the region in the late 1600's. Jonesborough, established in 1777, was the first county seat, but the name was changed to Camden a few years later. Camden, located near the Pasquotank River, remains the county seat to this day.
The Great Dismal Swamp Canal, connecting North Carolina and Virginia by water, was a very important part of the early economy of the region.
The Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge is located in the county.