The Moravians arrived in the Yadkin Valley in 1753. Davis discusses the use they made of the forest there. Hickory provided fine firewood and food from the nuts. Yellow poplar gave them boards for their buildings. The chestnut could also be used as a substitute for coffee. Before an apothecary shop was built, drugs came from the forest floor and included snake root as an antidote for venom and carpenter leaf for fresh wounds.