Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for North Carolina--History--World War, 1939-1945--Industry
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Economic growth in Eastern North Carolina during the 1940s was credited largely to the war effort. Formerly an area of poverty, Eastern North Carolina profited from manufacturing and ship construction during the war era. The boost provided by war demands also led to developments in transportation and communication. Cities which experienced the most growth included Wilmington with over 100 contracts to build Liberty ships and Elizabeth City when it opened the largest Coast Guard air base in 1940.
Lt. Col. Howard A. Rusk designed a plan for injured soldiers to remain active during their recovery. The Laurinburg-Maxton Army Air Base Hospital implemented Rusk's program in the fall of 1943. Patients engaged in three main activities: exercise, manual arts, and instruction. The program's objectives were to improve morale, physical condition, and technical skills.
At the beginning of World War II, Arthur Miller, before he became a world-renowned playwright, recorded interviews with civilians in North Carolina. Outside of Wilmington, he discussed the impacts on the shipping industry, African-American workers and strikes, and wartime attitudes against fascism. The interviews comment on the industry and population boom brought in by the wartime effort, as well as lament the loss of small-town life and cultural changes.