Beaufort’s first African-American school, the Washburn seminary, was founded in 1867 by the American Missionary Association and the northern Congregation Church. Located in a traditionally black neighborhood, the school’s aim was to train and educate freed slaves living in a refugee camp in Beaufort. Teachers were brought from northern states as educators, and by 1900 the school had expanded to include several new buildings including a training workshop and classrooms. In 1920, the main school building burned and was rebuilt near the new Beaufort High School which catered to the black community. Today, this building remains in use as the Beaufort Central School.