North Carolina has a long history of wine making, dating back to Sir Walter Raleigh and his Roanoke Colony. Today there are 250 vineyards and 21 wineries in the state, with more in the planning stages. In 2000, over 500,000 gallons of wine were produced. North Carolina ranks tenth in the nation in wine production and twelfth in grape production. Annual retail sales of wine is $25 million.