During the colonial and early state periods of North Carolina, the state use lotteries as a way to privately augment public projects. A wave of reform in the early 19th century, in coordination with stronger communities and governments, led to the gradual elimination of gambling and lotteries in North Carolina. State governments wanted to help shape the morality of their citizens and were willing to fund such public projects as education. By 1835, North Carolina had done away with lotteries for moral and practical reasons just as many northeastern states had in 1833. North Carolina led the first wave of the southern anti-gaming movement, following only Louisiana and Tennessee.