Fayetteville, county seat of Cumberland County, is a city rich in history and culture. Chartered in 1783, the city is the first one in America to be named for the Marquis de Lafayette and the only namesake city he ever visited. In the early days the city was the gateway to foreign ports, with passengers and trade goods leaving for ships at Wilmington by way of the Cape Fear River. European trade returned by the same route. Visitors to the town can find much to interest them, including the Fayetteville Transportation Museum, Cape Fear Botanical Garden, the Airborne & Special Operations Museum, and the Fayetteville Museum of Art. Fayetteville is the home of Fort Bragg, a large military base with about 47,000 military personnel on active duty.