At one time 1,600 different types of apples grew in North Carolina, but the number declined after the Civil War. In the late 1970s, Creighton Calhoun of Chatham County began a twenty-year search for old southern apples that date back before 1928. He collects cuttings of old varieties he finds to grow on his land. In the late 1990s, Horne Creek Living Historical Farm near Pinnacle, in collaboration with Calhoun, started planting historical apple trees. The farm is \"the only public collection of historical trees in the nation.\"