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for Barnett, Elizabeth
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This study found that, among the low-income population of North Carolina, whites experienced more low birth weight births than blacks, owing to cigarette smoking during pregnancy.
From 1988-1992, 78% of all AIDS victims in NC were adults aged 25-44. Highest mortality rates were in the eastern part of the state, and AIDS was the leading cause of death for black men and the second leading cause for black women in the age group.
Inadequate weight gain by mothers during pregnancy is second only to smoking in predicting low birth weight among Afro-Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Other factors like lack of education were also studied during the 1988-1991 research.
While a fetus can gain some benefit from an obese mother, it can be potentially dangerous for the mother herself. There are many risks, in fact, that an obese mother faces during pregnancy. Elizabeth Barnett, David Savitz and Irva Hertz-Picciotto have conducted a study of low-income women to examine the relationship of obesity to perinatal mortality.