Massengill Family Papers, 1822-1973

The Country Doctor Museum Manuscript Collection, CD 01.39

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Massengill Family Papers
    Creator: Massengill Family
    Repository: Laupus Library History Collections
    Language: English
    Abstract: The collection has papers from the Massengill family, specifically John David, Samuel Evans, and Pauline (Massengill) DeFriece. Included are John’s account books, booklets, DeFriece’s correspondence with the Country Doctor Museum, photographs, and information about the S.E. Massengill Company.
    Extent: 0.35 Cubic feet,
  • Description
     

    The collection has papers from the Massengill family, specifically John David, Samuel Evans, and Pauline (Massengill) DeFriece. Included are John’s account books, booklets, DeFriece’s correspondence with the Country Doctor Museum, photographs, and information about the S.E. Massengill Company.

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    Three generations of Massengill’s are represented in the collection: John David (1844-1919), Samuel Evans (1871-1946), and Pauline (Massengill) DeFriece (1896-1975).

    John David Massengill was born 11 May 1844 to Joseph and Nancy (Smith) Massengill in Sullivan County, Tennessee. He graduated from Baltimore College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1874 before returning to eastern Tennessee where he practiced medicine for 44 years. John married Josephine Evans and had four children: Norman Hood, Samuel Evans, Fannie, and Kate. He died 8 January 1919 in Blountville, Tennessee.

    Samuel Evans Massengill was born 5 February 1871 near Piney Flats, Tennessee. As a boy, he often traveled with his father during his visits with patients. As such, he graduated from Roanoke College in Virginia with his pre-med degree in 1890. He finally graduated from the University of Nashville in 1899 with his medical degree after having also attended Tennessee Medical College and College of Physicians and Surgeons in St. Louis. Rather than become a practicing doctor, Samuel concentrated on pharmaceuticals and trying to get needed supplies to country doctors, like his father, more quickly. He started as a representative for the Arthur J. Connor Company of Boston, covering the Tennessee-North Carolina-Kentucky border area. In 1897, Samuel and his brother Norman founded Massengill & Brothers, a wholesale drug house, in Bristol, Tennessee. By 1917, Norman decided to retire from the company, and the name changed to S.E. Massengill Company. The company expanded to manufacturing its own drugs rather than being a wholesale company. In 1937, the S. E. Massengill Company suffered a major setback when it was discovered to have been responsible for at least 100 deaths from the toxic elixir sulfanilamide. Despite the setback, the company continued to operate as a family-owned pharmaceutical firm until 1971 when it was sold to Beecham Pharmaceuticals. Samuel married Ina May Jobe and had two children: Hattie Pauline and John Tipton. He died 15 December 1946.

    Pauline Massengill was born 27 July 1896 in Sullivan County, Tennessee. In 1918, she married Frank W. DeFriece with whom she had three children: Frank Jr., Josephine, and Marthina. She set in motion the chain of events that led to the purchase of the Cobb-Massengill historic home in Rocky Mount, by the state of Tennessee. She also established the Rocky Mount Historical Association, an organization that maintains and operates the site. Because of her family history, Pauline also took great interest in the establishment of the Country Doctor Museum in Bailey, North Carolina, and donated artifacts and papers, along with financial donations. She died November 1975.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information Acquisition Information

    Gift of Pauline Massengill DeFriece

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Massengill Family Papers (CD 01.39),The Country Doctor Museum, at The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processing revised by Ashley Williams, 2015

    Sponsor Statement

    Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina Access and Digitization Grant Program.

Container List

J. D. Massengill Account Books, 1879-1882, undated
J. D. Massengill Account Books, 1882-1896
J. D. Massengill Horse Books, 1886, 1905
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, 1874
"Toxicological Synopsis, Exhibiting the Symptoms, Treatment, and Modes of Detecting the Various Poisons, Mineral, Vegetable, and Animal, According to the Latest Experiments and Observations" booklet, 1822
Class Notes, 1853, undated
Diabetes Booklets, 1930s
Pauline Massengill DeFriece, 1969, undated
Pauline Massengill DeFriece Correspondence with Country Doctor Museum, 1967-1973
Photographs, undated
Oversized Photographs, 1938, undated
Scrapbook, 1968-1969
“Hurry Call” Line Drawing, undated

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Container List

J. D. Massengill Account Books, 1879-1882, undated
J. D. Massengill Account Books, 1882-1896
J. D. Massengill Horse Books, 1886, 1905
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, 1874
"Toxicological Synopsis, Exhibiting the Symptoms, Treatment, and Modes of Detecting the Various Poisons, Mineral, Vegetable, and Animal, According to the Latest Experiments and Observations" booklet, 1822
Class Notes, 1853, undated
Diabetes Booklets, 1930s
Pauline Massengill DeFriece, 1969, undated
Pauline Massengill DeFriece Correspondence with Country Doctor Museum, 1967-1973
Photographs, undated
Oversized Photographs, 1938, undated
Scrapbook, 1968-1969
“Hurry Call” Line Drawing, undated


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