Stuart Wright Collection: William Faulkner Papers, 1948-1990

Manuscript Collection #1169-041

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Stuart Wright Collection: William Faulkner Papers
    Creator: Faulkner, William, (William Cuthbert), 1897-1962
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Papers of William Faulkner (1948-1990) documenting the life and literary career of the noted New Albany, Mississippi-born American novelist and short story writer who won the 1949 Nobel Prize for literature; consisting of loose manuscript items transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection, including a letter enclosing a printed copy of Faulkner’s Nobel Prize acceptance speech and letters from Faulkner’s biographer, Joseph Blotner; also a carbon typescript manuscript (ca. 1948) of a Faulkner short story entitled A Courtship.
    Extent: 0.25 Cubic feet, 0.25 Cubic feet, 1 archival box, 5 items, 29 p.,
  • Description
     

    The Stuart Wright Collection: William Faulkner Papers document the life and literary career of William [Cuthbert] Faulkner (1897-1962), the noted New Albany, Mississippi-born author of numerous novels, short fiction, poetry, essays, and screenplays. The papers are arranged in original order in two series.

    Series 1: Cary Addition #1 to the Stuart Wright Collection consist of papers (1950) documenting the life and literary career of William [Cuthbert] Faulkner (1897-1962), the noted New Albany, Mississippi-born American novelist and short story writer who won the 1949 Nobel Prize for literature, consisting of a letter enclosing a printed copy of Faulkner's Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Series 1 is housed in Box 1.a.

    Series 2: Ludlow Addition #2 to the Stuart Wright Collection consist of papers (1948-1990) documenting the life and literary career of William [Cuthbert] Faulkner (1897-1962), including a carbon typescript manuscript of a Faulkner short story entitled A Courtship, (ca. 1948) & loose manuscript items transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection. Series 2 is housed in Box 1.b-1.c.

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    William Faulkner was born William Cuthbert Faulkner, on 25 September 1897 in New Albany, Mississippi. Though he went to high school, he never graduated. Faulkner tried to sign up for the U.S. military service during the First World War, but he was rejected due to his height. In order to serve, Faulkner decided to apply to the Royal Air Force in Canada and to lie on his application. It worked, so he was immediately transferred to the British Royal Air Force, but the war was over before he ever saw action.

    In 1924, Faulkner decided to enroll into the University of Mississippi. While attending the University of Mississippi Faulkner wrote for his student newspaper the Mississippian. His collegiate stay would be short, after three semesters Faulkner dropped out of the University of Mississippi. In 1925 his first book was published, Soldiers' Play. Not long after his return from Europe Faulkner wrote what would become one of his most celebrated books, The Sound and the Fury.

    Faulkner later wrote numerous novels, short fiction, poetry, essays, and screenplays. He won many awards, including the Nobel Prize in Literature and two Pulitzer Prizes in Fiction. On 6 July 1962 William Faulkner died of a heart attack in Byhalia, Mississippi.

    Sources:

    "William Faulkner". Biographical Sketch. Author. http://www.biography.com/people/william-faulkner-9292252

    "William Faulkner". Biographical Sketch. Nobel Prize. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1949/faulkner-bio.html

    Author: Jonathan Dembo with the assistance of John Leche, 10/7/2016, rev. 1/27/2017.

    Stuart Wright collected and compiled the William Faulkner Papers. He was born Stuart Thurman Wright, on 30 March 1948 in Roxboro, North Carolina. He was the son of Frances Critcher Wright (1919-2010) and Wallace Lyndon Wright (1921-1965). An avid reader as a boy, Wright developed a strong interest in the American Civil War and with his father toured many of the war's battlefields searching for artifacts and studying the history of the era. At the age of 12, he won a statewide "Johnny Reb" essay contest and by the age of 15 had visited every major battlefield of the Civil War. Wright attended Roxboro High School, from which he graduated in 1966. It was during these years that he developed an interest in collecting historical books and manuscripts and began relationships with a number of local collectors and dealers.

    In the fall of 1966, Wright enrolled at Wake Forest University as a pre-med, history, German and music student. Wright earned a B.A. in German and music in 1970. As a graduate student at Wake Forest University, Wright focused his studies on Southern history and literature, his ambition being to build an authoritative Southern Studies collection for the university. He received a master's degree in Southern Studies in 1973 and a second master's degree in U.S. History in 1980. Additionally Wright holds a professional degree from England in a medically related field. It was while studying there that he became interested in Thomas Wolfe, the noted North Carolina native and novelist.

    Following his graduation from Wake Forest, Wright began to develop his collections more systematically, acquiring many first editions of Southern writers. In 1976 he began teaching at Reynolda House, a Wake Forest University affiliate dedicated to the arts and arts education. Wright taught classes in American music as well as human anatomy for art students. In 1978 Wright became Lecturer in Education at Wake Forest University. During his 10 years teaching at Wake Forest University, Wright authored numerous works of Civil War and North Carolina history, and dozens of articles, bibliographies, essays and reviews on Southern literature and the writers whose papers he collected. In addition, he developed a strong interest in the writings of the English poet Donald Davie and the Minnesota-born poet Richard Eberhart, whose works he also collected.

    At the same time, Wright also began a career as a publisher by starting Palaemon Press in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. By 1984, Palaemon Press had produced 316 titles, consisting mainly of broadsides and limited editions, of the poetry and essays of such Southern writers as A. R. Ammons, Fred Chappell, James Dickey, William Goyen, George Garrett, and Eudora Welty. He also built comprehensive collections and compiled book-length descriptive bibliographies of A.R. Ammons, Andrew Lytle, Reynolds Price, James Dickey, William Goyen, Walker Percy, Randall Jarrell, Peter Taylor, George Garrett, Richard Eberhart, and Donald Davie. As well as serving as editor of the contemporary literature section of the Bulletin of Bibliography throughout the 1980s, Wright also contributed pioneering checklists of the writings of Southern poets Henry Taylor, Charles Wright, and Robert Morgan. For Meckler Publishing he served as series editor for a number of book-length bibliographies and checklists. In recognition of these accomplishments, when he was just 32, Wright was elected to membership in New York's prestigious Grolier Club.

    All of these works are represented in the Stuart Wright Collection. In his dealings with these various authors Wright made consistent efforts to acquire personal papers, letters and documents, photographs, manuscripts, drafts, proofs, and published materials to supplement his continuing activities as a purchaser of their works. In this way, Wright acquired perhaps a majority of his overall collection. Over the years a number of biographers used Wright's collection to aid their research. For example, James A. Grimshaw, Jr. used the collection extensively for his Robert Penn Warren: A Descriptive Bibliography, 1922-1979 published by the University Press of Virginia, in 1981 and Craig S. Abbott did so as well for John Crowe Ransom: A Descriptive Bibliography, published by Whitston Publishing Company, Inc. in 1999. Joseph Blotner also used the Wright collection in researching Robert Penn Warren: A Biography, published by Random House in 1997.

    Nevertheless, from the mid- to late 1980s, Wright began to look for a permanent home for his collection, which he felt had grown too large and yet had been too little used. Unable to find a repository willing to accept the entire collection under suitable conditions, he sold a number of individual author collections to Vanderbilt University, Duke University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Emory University. It was not until 2010 that he reached agreement to house the remaining, and largest part of his collection at East Carolina University. The Stuart Wright Collection in the East Carolina Manuscript Collection of J.Y. Joyner Library includes 106 sub-collections of the papers of Southern American writers, composers, illustrators, and publishers. The related Stuart Wright Book Collection holds several thousand volumes by or about many of the same writers. Many of these volumes contain annotations, inscriptions, and insertions that reveal much about the authors in the collection and their relationships with one another. In 1998 Wright moved to England, and since 2001 he has resided in the medieval market town of Ludlow, in Shropshire.

    Author: Jonathan Dembo, 11/2/2016

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    27 October 2011, (Cary Addition #1), 0.01 cubic feet; 0.1 archival box; 1 item; 1 p. Papers (1950) documenting the life and literary career of William [Cuthbert] Faulkner (1897-1962), the noted New Albany, Mississippi-born American novelist and short story writer who won the 1949 Nobel Prize for literature, consisting of a loose manuscript item transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection including a letter enclosing a printed copy of Faulkner’s Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Vendor: Stuart Wright

    20 July 2012, (Ludlow Addition #2), 0.24 cubic feet; 0.9 archival box; 4 items; 28 p. Papers (1948-1990) documenting the life and literary career of William [Cuthbert] Faulkner (1897-1962), the noted New Albany, Mississippi-born American novelist and short story writer who won the 1949 Nobel Prize for literature, including carbon typescript manuscript of a Faulkner short story entitled A Courtship, (ca. 1948) & loose manuscript items transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection. Vendor: Stuart Wright

    Acquisition Information

    Purchased from Stuart Wright, 10/27/2011, 7/20/2012

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Stuart Wright Collection: William Faulkner Papers (#1169-041), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processing, Preliminary inventory & Container List, by Jonathan Dembo, with the assistance of Nathaniel King & Dale Wetterhahn, 4/29/2014, 12/8/2015, 3/28/2016, 9/20/2016; Final inventory by Jonathan Dembo, 3/28/2016; Finding aid by Jonathan Dembo, 3/28/2016; Biographical Sketch, by Jonathan Dembo with the assistance of John Leche, 10/7/2016, rev. 11/2/2016; Encoding revised by Jonathan Dembo, 01/30/2017.

Container List

  • Ludlow Addition to Stuart Wright Collection
     

    • Manuscript Materials
       

      • Box 1
         
        Courtship, by William Faulkner (undated) Carbon typescript. 1 item. 23 p. ; Note : Folder labeled "Faulkner Agent's (File?) Copy" ; With Stuart Wright note : "Revised version as per letter to Harold Ober" ; Source : Ludlow Addition Box #189.032-1
    • Loose Manuscript Items Transferred from the Stuart Wright Collection Books
       

      • Box 1
         
        Selected Letters of William Faulkner, Edited by Joseph Blotner (© 1975) Note : 1) "To the Voters of Oxford [Correction to paid printed statement of Private Citizens H. E. Finger, Jr., John K. Johnson, and Frank Moody Purser" by William Faulkner, Private Citizen ' Twenty-five copies privately printed for Stuart Wright (Dec. 1980) Broadside. 1 item. 1 p. ; 2) Joseph Blotner, Ann Arbor, MI. Letter to Stuart Wright on illness of Yvonne, promising to return poems (23 Dec. 1989) TLS & Envelope. 1 item. 2 p. ; 3) Joseph Blotner, Ann Arbor, MI. Letter to Stuart Wright on returning poems (15 Jan. 1990) TLS & Envelope. 1 item. 2 p. ; Source : Ludlow Addition Box #190.010

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Container List

  • Ludlow Addition to Stuart Wright Collection
     

    • Manuscript Materials
       

      • Box 1
         
        Courtship, by William Faulkner (undated) Carbon typescript. 1 item. 23 p. ; Note : Folder labeled "Faulkner Agent's (File?) Copy" ; With Stuart Wright note : "Revised version as per letter to Harold Ober" ; Source : Ludlow Addition Box #189.032-1
    • Loose Manuscript Items Transferred from the Stuart Wright Collection Books
       

      • Box 1
         
        Selected Letters of William Faulkner, Edited by Joseph Blotner (© 1975) Note : 1) "To the Voters of Oxford [Correction to paid printed statement of Private Citizens H. E. Finger, Jr., John K. Johnson, and Frank Moody Purser" by William Faulkner, Private Citizen ' Twenty-five copies privately printed for Stuart Wright (Dec. 1980) Broadside. 1 item. 1 p. ; 2) Joseph Blotner, Ann Arbor, MI. Letter to Stuart Wright on illness of Yvonne, promising to return poems (23 Dec. 1989) TLS & Envelope. 1 item. 2 p. ; 3) Joseph Blotner, Ann Arbor, MI. Letter to Stuart Wright on returning poems (15 Jan. 1990) TLS & Envelope. 1 item. 2 p. ; Source : Ludlow Addition Box #190.010


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