Papers of Eudora Welty (1909-1986 [Bulk: 1930-1980], undated) documenting the life and literary career of the noted Jackson, Mississippi-born American short story writer, novelist, journalist, photographer, and educator, who wrote about the American South; including correspondence; manuscripts, original art, photographic prints, proofs of published materials, audio recordings, printed material, and loose manuscript items transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection, by or about Eudora Welty, Donald Davie, Richard Ghormley Eberhart, Shelby Foote, Ross Macdonald, Katherine Anne Porter, George William Russell, Allen Tate, Robert Penn Warren, and others; in English & French language.
Welty's writing was based on the life of small town and rural Mississippi which was intimately familiar to her. During the 1930s, while Welty was travelling about Mississippi in her role as Junior Publicity Agent for the Works Progress Administration, she developed her interest in photography by taking pictures of rural Southern life. Even after she broke into the literary circle, she continued to practice photography. She produced several volumes of photographs. Stuart Wright published a selection of her photographs, ca. 1935-1942, in a portfolio entitled Twenty Photographs (1980).
Welty's first novel, Delta Wedding, was published in 1946. Her novel, The Optimist's Daughter, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1973. Welty received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1980.
Other works she is most known for are, A Curtain of Green (1941), The Wide Net and Other Stories (1943), The Golden Apples (1949), The Bride of the Innisfallen (1955), and her memoir, One Writer's Beginnings (1984). Eudora Welty died on 23 July 2001, also in Jackson, Mississippi.
Sources: "Eudora Welty." [Biographical Sketch] Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudora_Welty
Author: Jonathan Dembo, 3/7/2011; Trisha Capansky revised, 11/18/2011; Jonathan Dembo revised, 1/23/2012, 4/2/2012, 11/1/2016, 11/11/2016.
In the fall of 1966, Wright enrolled at Wake Forest University as a pre-med, history, German and music student. Wright earned a B.A. in German and music in 1970. As a graduate student at Wake Forest University, Wright focused his studies on Southern history and literature, his ambition being to build an authoritative Southern Studies collection for the university. He received a master's degree in Southern Studies in 1973 and a second master's degree in U.S. History in 1980. Additionally Wright holds a professional degree from England in a medically related field. It was while studying there that he became interested in Thomas Wolfe, the noted North Carolina native and novelist.
Following his graduation from Wake Forest, Wright began to develop his collections more systematically, acquiring many first editions of Southern writers. In 1976 he began teaching at Reynolda House, a Wake Forest University affiliate dedicated to the arts and arts education. Wright taught classes in American music as well as human anatomy for art students. In 1978 Wright became Lecturer in Education at Wake Forest University. During his 10 years teaching at Wake Forest University, Wright authored numerous works of Civil War and North Carolina history, and dozens of articles, bibliographies, essays and reviews on Southern literature and the writers whose papers he collected. In addition, he developed a strong interest in the writings of the English poet Donald Davie and the Minnesota-born poet Richard Eberhart, whose works he also collected.
At the same time, Wright also began a career as a publisher by starting Palaemon Press in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. By 1984, Palaemon Press had produced 316 titles, consisting mainly of broadsides and limited editions, of the poetry and essays of such Southern writers as A. R. Ammons, Fred Chappell, James Dickey, William Goyen, George Garrett, and Eudora Welty. He also built comprehensive collections and compiled book-length descriptive bibliographies of A.R. Ammons, Andrew Lytle, Reynolds Price, James Dickey, William Goyen, Walker Percy, Randall Jarrell, Peter Taylor, George Garrett, Richard Eberhart, and Donald Davie. As well as serving as editor of the contemporary literature section of the Bulletin of Bibliography throughout the 1980s, Wright also contributed pioneering checklists of the writings of Southern poets Henry Taylor, Charles Wright, and Robert Morgan. For Meckler Publishing he served as series editor for a number of book-length bibliographies and checklists. In recognition of these accomplishments, when he was just 32, Wright was elected to membership in New York's prestigious Grolier Club.
All of these works are represented in the Stuart Wright Collection. In his dealings with these various authors Wright made consistent efforts to acquire personal papers, letters and documents, photographs, manuscripts, drafts, proofs, and published materials to supplement his continuing activities as a purchaser of their works. In this way, Wright acquired perhaps a majority of his overall collection. Over the years a number of biographers used Wright's collection to aid their research. For example, James A. Grimshaw, Jr. used the collection extensively for his Robert Penn Warren: A Descriptive Bibliography, 1922-1979 published by the University Press of Virginia, in 1981 and Craig S. Abbott did so as well for John Crowe Ransom: A Descriptive Bibliography, published by Whitston Publishing Company, Inc. in 1999. Joseph Blotner also used the Wright collection in researching Robert Penn Warren: A Biography, published by Random House in 1997.
Nevertheless, from the mid- to late 1980s, Wright began to look for a permanent home for his collection, which he felt had grown too large and yet had been too little used. Unable to find a repository willing to accept the entire collection under suitable conditions, he sold a number of individual author collections to Vanderbilt University, Duke University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Emory University. It was not until 2010 that he reached agreement to house the remaining, and largest part of his collection at East Carolina University. The Stuart Wright Collection in the East Carolina Manuscript Collection of J.Y. Joyner Library includes 22 sub-collections of the papers of Southern American writers. The related Stuart Wright Book Collection holds several thousand volumes by or about many of the same writers. Many of these volumes contain annotations, inscriptions, and insertions that reveal much about the authors in the collection and their relationships with one another. In 1998 Wright moved to England, and since 2001 he has resided in the medieval market town of Ludlow, in Shropshire.
Author: Jonathan Dembo, 9/17/2012, 11/1/2016
Stuart Wright Collection: Eudora Welty Papers (#1169-015) documents the life and literary career of Eudora Welty, 1909-1986, undated. The Welty Papers is arranged in 5 series including an initial acquisition of 3 series, including miscellaneous manuscript materials, loose manuscript items transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection, Twenty Photographs Photographic Print Album, and the Cary Addition #1, and Ludlow Addition #2. The collection contains a wide variety of materials, including manuscripts, photographic prints, proofs of published materials, published materials, audio recordings, and ephemera. It was compiled by Stuart Wright over at least twenty years from a variety of sources. It includes material dating from 1909 to 1986 by or about Eudora Welty. Series 1: Miscellaneous Manuscript Materials, 1930-1943, 1976, consists of a heterogeneous selection of correspondence, photographic prints, and printed materials, 1930-1943, 1976. Noteworthy in this series is one of Welty's writings. It is a speech by Eudora's father, Christian Welty, written for the first anniversary of WJDX Radio in 1930. It is authored by Mrs. C. W. Welty, Eudora's mother, but Eudora reputedly helped write the text. The series also includes a history of the Jackson, Mississippi Garden Club written by her mother. The series also includes photographs Welty took of Henry Miller and Katherine Anne Porter, Series 1 is held in Box 1.a – 1.e
Series 2: Loose Manuscript Items Transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection, 1909-1986, undated, consists of loose letters, clippings, ephemera, notes, photographic prints, and printed materials by, to, or about Eudora Welty, 1909-1986, transferred from books in the Stuart Wright Book Collection. Among the most interesting items in this series is a letter Eudora Welty wrote to Robert Penn Warren in 1959 (1.g) thanking him for one of the best letters she had ever received in her writing life. Also notable in series two are several photographic prints Welty took, ca. 1948 (2.p). Captions on the verso of the photographs indicate that they were taken in and around the village of Leavenham, England, where she was attending a conference. The photographs depict some of her early techniques of what would advance her to becoming an accomplished photographer. Welty's lifelong passion for literature is also evident in the subscriptions for magazines and journals she held onto through the years, which include The Southern Review (1965), The Paris Review (1979), and Stand Magazine (1984). In addition to Henry Miller and Katherine Anne Porter, Welty maintained friendships with Allan Tate, and Robert Penn Warren and the collection includes photographs and correspondence documenting these relationships. The loose manuscripts are linked to the book of origin by their Stuart Wright Book Collection Number (e.g. Stuart Wright Book Collection #38.4) Series 2 is held in Box 1.f – 1.za.
Series 3: Twenty Photographs: Photographic Print Album, 1980. Consists of a single portfolio, containing twenty photographic prints taken by Eudora Welty, during 1935-1942, focusing on people and places near her home in Mississippi; also containing a brochure describing the prints. The portfolio was #1 of 20 published by Stuart Wright's Palaemon Press.
Series 4: Cary Addition to the Stuart Wright Collection, 1930-1984. It contains original art and printed materials relating to Eudora Welty. It includes a cartoon drawn by Welty in the 1930s. Series 4 is held in Box 3.a – 3.e
Series 5: Ludlow Addition to the Stuart Wright Collection, 1936-1982. It contains letters and photographic prints, audio recordings of Welty reading her works, and loose manuscript items transferred from the Stuart Wright Book Collection. Series 5 is held in Box 3.f – 5.g
Note to Researchers: Series 2: Loose Manuscripts from Stuart Wright Book Collection consists of items found laid in works in the Stuart Wright Book Collection by, about, associated with, or owned by Eudora Welty. They include notes and bookmarks inserted by Welty, Stuart Wright, and others; also notes, cards, correspondence, clippings, advertising, reviews, ephemera, etc. relating to his published works. The loose manuscripts are linked to the books from which they came by their Stuart Wright Book Collection Number (e.g. Stuart Wright Book Collection #40.15).
Purchased from Stuart Wright, 6/21/2010, 10/27/2011, 7/20/2012; Gift of Anonymous Donor, 3/16/2013; Gift of Stuart Wright in honor of Ralph and Nancy Scott, 9/11/2014
Processing, Container List & Preliminary inventory by Jonathan Dembo, with the assistance of Saundra Pinkham, & Douglas Tuers, revised 11/19/2010; Final inventory revised by Douglas Tuers, 2/14/2011, 4/27/2011; Finding aid by Jonathan Dembo, Trisha Capansky revised, 11/18/2011, Jonathan Dembo revised, 1/23/2012, 4/2/2012; Revised accessions information for Addition #1 9/19/2014 by Martha Elmore. 9/19/2014; Typo fixed by Martha Elmore, 6/12/2015; Additions "1 and #2 added and revisions made 9/11/2014 by Martha Elmore; Container list revised by Nathaniel King & Jay Colin Menees, 10/28/2015; Container list revised by Jonathan Dembo, 11/11/2016 Encoded by Jonathan Dembo, 7/3/2012; Encoding revised by Jonathan Dembo, 7/18/2012, 11/11/2016
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.
English & French language
Eudora Welty Papers (Mss. 4919) Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library, Louisiana State University Libraries, Baton Rouge, LA USA
Welty (Eudora) Collection (Z 0301.000) Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS, USA
Stuart Wright Collection – Katherine Anne Porter Papers (#1169-009) Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC USA
Stuart Wright Collection – Allen Tate Papers (#1169-012) Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC USA
Stuart Wright Collection – Robert Penn Warren Papers (#1169-014) Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC USA