Issue No. LXXIX (1/13/1790) of the Gazette of the United States newspaper containing the announcement of the Adoption and Ratification of the Constitution of the United States by the State of North Carolina, signed in type by President George Washington, p.313-316, (4 p.), published by John Fenno, New York, and autographed "[Moses] Ogden."
The Gazette of the United States was the leading Federalist newspaper of the late 18th century. Editor John Fenno began the Gazette as a semiweekly newspaper, with the first edition appearing on April 15, 1789, in New York City, the nation's capital at the time. Adopting the motto, "he that is not for us, is against us," the newspaper was a staunch defender of the Federalist administration and a ruthless attacker of its critics. Its biggest supporter was Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
When the capital of the United States moved to Philadelphia in 1791, the newspaper followed. Throughout its existence, the Gazette engaged in rivalry with two leading Republican Party organs. From 1791 to 1793, Philip Freneau's National Gazette opposed the Gazette at every turn. Their bitter rivalry eventually alienated readers causing both newspapers to go out of business. The Gazette of the United States suspended publication after September 18, 1793, while the National Gazette published its last issue on October 26, 1793.
The Gazette resumed publishing as a daily on December 11, 1793, and lived on under various names until it finally ceased operations for good on March 7, 1818, when it merged with the True American.
This collection consists of Issue No. LXXIX (1/13/1790) of the Gazette of the United States newspaper. Of particular interest is a letter from Samuel Johnston announcing that North Carolina had ratified and adopted the U.S. Constitution during its convention on November 21st, 1789.
Also of interest are the many articles centering on the education system, including articles from Boston, Massachusetts, showing the education system that had been put into place there, which mandated that men and women were required to learn how to read as well as learning Latin and Greek. One article addresses the problem with public education concerning having one teacher per thirty students, stating that they were turning out scholars instead of people who could think for themselves. It was further stated that the education system was centering its focus on those who could read quickly and regurgitate the most and then having those students teach the younger students. This issue of the newspaper also contained a poem called "The Newsboy's Address to his Customers."
Purchase (Special Manuscript Fund), Historical Collectible Auction, Graham, N.C.
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