Papers 1937-1997 (Bulk 1974-1997) pertaining to Lee A. Wallace Jr.'s military service during World War II, including a scrapbook documenting Wallace's service in Battery "C", 2nd Battalion, 113th Field Artillery Regiment (formerly designated 117th Field Artillery); also referred to as 113th Field Artillery Battalion, 30th Infantry Division, North Carolina National Guard, based in Washington, N.C., including newspaper clippings, orders, photograph prints, and rosters; correspondence and newsletters pertaining to 30th Infantry Division reunions; a copy of the American Battle Monuments Commission's pamphlet entitled "30th Division: Summary of Operations in the World War" (1944); also oversized maps of the 30th Division's offensive operations during World War I, 1917-1918, removed from the pamphlet; in English, Dutch, & French language.
Lee A. Wallace Jr. (21 May 1922- 9 October 1997) was a nationally recognized military historian and author. Born in Norfolk, Virginia he spent the majority of his life in Washington, North Carolina. After graduating high school Wallace joined the North Carolina National Guard and served as a private in Battery "C", 113th Field Artillery Regiment (also referred to as a Battalion), 30th Infantry Division, from 1940-1946. After returning home from World War II Wallace attended William & Mary University where he would receive a B.A. in history in 1949. He later received an M.A. at UNC-Chapel Hill in 1950. Wallace spent his professional career working for the National Park Service as a historian at several parks and in the Museum Branch of the National Park Service in Washington D.C. Wallace retired in 1977 and spent his time writing books and articles about the Civil War. He was a member of the 30th Division Association and a member of its Tarheel Chapter. Wallace died at the age 75 in Arlington, Virginia.
The 113th Field Artillery Regiment (or Battalion), 30th Infantry Division was founded on 18 July 1917 just after the United States entered World War I. The 30th Division trained just outside of Greenville, South Carolina. The 30th was made up of Nation Guard soldiers from North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. The Division is nicknamed "Old Hickory" in honor of former President Andrew Jackson, who also had ties to the states that make up the Division. During World War II the Division served in France, Holland and Germany and earned the highest unit citation of any American division serving in the European Theater of Operations.
The Lee A. Wallace, Jr. Papers includes original and reproduced correspondence, rosters, photographic prints, and service records; scrapbook materials, printed materials & oversized materials. The collection is arranged in original order in 5 series, 1937-1997.
SERIES I: 30TH DIVISION WORLD WAR II SCRAPBOOK, 1937-1981 A scrapbook assembled by Lee A. Wallace, Jr. documenting the history of the 113th Field Artillery Regiment (or Battalion) and his service during World War II in the European Theater of Operations. The scrapbook is divided into two folders (#757.1.a and #757.1.b). The first half of the scrapbook contains; a brief history of Battery C, 117th Field Artillery Regiment (or Battalion), a roster of the 2nd Battalion, 1938, a report of the Adjutant General, time line of division movements, newspaper clippings documenting training and photos of training maneuvers at Fort Jackson, S.C., 1940-1941.
The second half of the scrapbook contains; a post card from Sergeant Clyde Beachen, 13 April 1942, duty roster for May 1942, newspaper clippings, photos from training in; Fort Jackson, S.C., Camp Blanding, Florida, Camp Gordon, Georgia, and Camp Forest, Tennessee, and elsewhere. 1942-1943; it also documents the 30th Division's combat service, including photographic prints and notes on LST 133 hitting an underwater mine at Omaha Beach, in Normandy France, on 13 June 1944; Christmas cards, 1944-1945; and also postwar materials including newspaper clippings on Battery C in Possnech, Germany and of the cathedral in Magdeburg, Germany still being repaired, 1971-1972, and a schedule of events for commemoration service, 1980-1981.
SERIES II: 30th DIVISION WORLD WAR II VETERANS NEWSLETTERS, 1974-1997 A collection of newsletters pertaining to the 30th Infantry Division entitled 30th Division News. It also includes a copy of the Tarheel Chapter Newsletter. The periodicals discuss activities of members and stories and photographs of reunions; also planning for upcoming reunions, conventions and events.
SERIES III: BATTERY C, 113th FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALION, 30th DIVISION, REUNION MATERIAL, 1941-1988, UNDATED A collection of correspondence, notes, and addresses pertaining to reunions for the 30th Division. Dates Range from 1969-1997.
SERIES IV: HISTORY OF THE 30TH DIVISION, 1944 History of 30th Division, 30th Division: Summary of Operations in the World War. A history of the 30th Division during World War I in France. Given to Lee A. Wallace in 1949. (Washington, DC: American Battle Monuments Commission, 1944) 1 item. 32 p. Note: Four pocket maps of 30th Division during World War I filed in oversized folders.
SERIES V: OVERSIZED 30th DIVISION WORLD WAR I MAPS, 1938 Four oversized maps that show the offensives made by the 30th Division during World War I in France July-October of 1918.
Gift of Mrs. Allen Johnson
Processing, Arrangement, Inventory & Finding Aid by Justin P. White, 4/23/2012; Revised by Jonathan Dembo, 10/29/2012; Encoded by Jonathan Dembo, 11/05/2012; Encoded by Apex Data Services, March 2002
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.