Ronald Vaughn Papers

Manuscript Collection #658
Vaughn, Ronald
Physical description
0.024 Cubic Feet, 1 item, a typescript memoir, "Memories of Two Years (almost) before the Mast."
Preferred Citation
Ronald Vaughn Papers (#658), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
ECU Manuscript Collection
No restrictions

Papers (1944-1945) including typescript memoir, destruction of Tokyo, transport of prisoners, disposals of unexploded bombs, combat statistics.

Biographical/historical information

Ronald Vaughn of Brownwood, TX, enlisted in the Navy with his twin brother Donald (January 1944). Vaughn trained at the San Diego Naval Training Station and was assigned to the escort aircraft carrier USS KITKUN BAY (CVE-71).

Scope and arrangement

The collection consists of a narrative memoir that describes Vaughn's experiences before and during his service in World War II in the Pacific Theatre (1944-1945). Prewar activities described include Navy training and classes (pp. 2-3), as well as maintenance and preparations of the KITKUN BAY for duty (pp. 4-5). Once in the Pacific, KITKUN BAY' s activities in escort duty and battle are detailed including actions at Guam, Saipan, and Tinian during the Marianas Islands campaign (June 1944, pp. 7-8) and at Luzon and the Leyte Gulf in the Philippines (pp. 12-17). Specific incidents are described including accidents involving planes landing on KITKUN BAY that caused damage to the ship and a crash landing into the water (pp. 8-9); damage to the KITKUN BAY by a kamikaze at Luzon (pp. 15-16); the disposal of unexploded bombs from the ship's engine room (pp. 18-19); and eluding Japanese mines in the water (p. 22).

The memoir also describes re-supplying the ship at Guam (p. 10); the transport of liberated American prisoners of war after Japan's surrender (pp. 22-23); Tokyo and its destruction (p. 23); the transport of American servicemen back to the United States (p. 24); and typhoons near Guam (p. 10) and Luzon Island (pp. 24-25). At the end of the narrative, combat statistics for the KITKUN BAY are listed (p. 25) and a photograph of the 2nd Division assigned to the ship is included.

Administrative information
Custodial History

September 9, 1993, 1 volume; "Memories of Two Years (Almost) before the Mast," an account of duty aboard the USS KITKUN BAY. Gift of Ronald Vaughn, Eastland, TX.

Source of acquisition

Gift of Ronald Vaughn

Processing information

Processed by M. Burdette; A. Merriman, November 1999

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Key terms
Personal Names
Vaughn, Ronald
Corporate Names
Kitkun Bay (Ship)
Aircraft accidents--Pacific Ocean
Capitulations, Military--Japan
Prisoners of war--Japan
Prisoners of war--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations, American
Tokyo (Japan)--History--Bombardment, 1944-1945