Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr., Papers

1870-1970
Manuscript Collection #601
Creator(s)
Dixon, Richard Dillard, 1926-1993
Physical description
1.32 Cubic Feet, 3 archival boxes, consisting of transcripts, manuscripts, press releases, wall charts, correspondence, ephemera, and photographs
Preferred Citation
Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr., Papers (#601), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Repository
ECU Manuscript Collection
Access
No restrictions

Papers (1946-1948) obtained by Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr., while visiting his father Richard Dillard Dixon, Sr., who participated in the of International Military Tribunal (for Nazi war crimes) held in Nuremberg, Germany, as a member of the judges Secretariat and as a judge. Included are mimeographed transcripts of some of the trials and related manuscripts, press releases, and wall charts delineating the hierarchy of Nazi German government and military system. Other papers (1870-1970) concern the life of Edenton, N.C., attorney, insurance agent, wholesale oil salesman and civic activist Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr.


Biographical/historical information

Richard Dillard Dixon, Sr. (1888-1952), of Edenton, NC, had just completed a four-year appointment by N.C. Governor J. Melville Broughton as a special superior court judge when he was sent to Nuremberg, Germany, in 1946, as a deputy secretary general to the U.S. chief of counsel office to assist in the Nazi war crimes trials. In May 1947 he was appointed an alternate judge and he participated in four trials--Cases 1 and 2 probaby as a part of the judges Secretariat's senior staff, Case 5 as an alternate judge, and Case 9 as a regular judge. His son Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr., came to Nuremberg in June 1947 and stayed on until 1948 with his father.


Scope and arrangement

This collection contains papers belonging to Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr., related to the Nuremberg trials. These papers contain two opening statements, several final judgments, and the formal sentences passed by the International Military Tribunals against top leadership figures of the Nazi party.

Original War Crimes Trial The judgment (August 31, 1946) against and sentences of the remaining Nazi leadership including Hermann Goring, Rudolf Hess, and Joachim von Ribbentrop among others for crimes against peace, humanity, war crimes, membership in an illegal organization, removal of cultural icons from conquered countries, forced slave labor of imported peoples and POWs, persecution of the Jews, and the conquest of Europe are given. A history of the Nazi regime in Germany and its World War II policies are detailed in the judgment.

Case #1 Tribunal #1 This case resulted in judgments (August 1947) against top Nazi doctors including Karl Brandt, et al, for criminal experiments on POWs and foreign workers including: high altitude, freezing, malaria, mustard gas, sulfanilamide, bone,muscle, and nerve regeneration, sea water experiments, epidemic jaundice, sterilization, spotted fever, and experiments with poison bullets.

Case #2 Tribunal #2 These papers (April 1947) contain the judgment of crimes of Erhard Milch concerning medical experiments conducted at Dachau concentration camp; foreign labor, and use of POWs in German war production and defense; and whether Milch paticipated, controlled, or had the ability to put an end to it. Also a concurring opinion with a very detailed examination of the crimes committed is included.

Case #4 Tribunal #2 This judgment (November 1947) concerns Oswald Pohl, et al. Pohl was the head of the Main Economic and Administrative Department (WVHA) of the SS under Himmler. He and his department heads were responsible for all levels of SS activity including: transportation, concentration camps, finances, etc.

Case #7 The opening statement (July 1947) of this case details crimes committed by Wilhelm List, et al, in the military occupation of Southeast Europe including, but not limited to, Greece and Yugoslavia, their policy of retribution on hostages for acts of sabotage, and the Nazi hierarchy in that area.

Case #12 Tribunal #5 The formal sentences (October 1948) of Wilhelm von Leeb, et al are given without accompanying details of their crimes.

The war crimes trials lasted from December 1946 until April 1949 and included twelve trials. The collection also contains several manuscripts about post war Germany. An article by Gen. Mark Clark, "The Unhappy Truth," outlines Soviet policy intentions for Europe and America's need to stand for European democracy. Manuscripts on the German military system, German government and administration (by Werner Peiser), and concentration camps (by Eugen Kogon and other survivors of Buchenwald Concentration Camp); various press releases of the International Military Tribunal; and a list and short biographies of the American judges are also included.

The oversize folder contains copies of the charts which detail the hierarchy of Nazi Germany government and military.


Administrative information
Custodial History

June 23, 1990, 1 cubic foot; Nuremberg War Crimes files and transcripts. Deposited by Mr. Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr., Edenton, NC

August 5, 2014, (unprocessed addition 1), 164 items, 0.45 cubic foot; Papers (1870-1970) of Edenton, NC, attorney, insurance agent, wholesale oil salesman, and civic activist, including correspondence; writings, including book review of Animal Farm and biography of Thomas Paine; clippings, North Carolina Oil Jobber's Association material; ephemera; and photographs of family members and homes. Deposited by Richard Dillard Dixon III, Samuel Bobbitt Dixon and Betty Bobbitt Dixon Pruden.

Source of acquisition

Loaned by Richard Dillard Dixon, Jr.

Loaned by Richard Dillard Dixon III

Loaned by Samuel Bobbitt Dixon

Loaned by Betty Bobbitt Dixon Pruden

Processing information

Processed by K. Romer, January 1995, and Martha Elmore, September 2016

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.


Related material

For related material concerning Richard Dillard Dixon, Sr., and the Nuremberg Trials, refer to: Richard Dillard Dixon Collection of Records of the Nuremberg War Crime Trials (03567) Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Key terms
Personal Names
Brandt, Karl, 1904-1948
Dixon, Richard Dillard, 1888-1952
Dixon, Richard Dillard, Jr., 1926-1993
Milch, Erhard, 1892-1972
Corporate Names
International Military Tribunal
Topical
Human experimentation in medicine--Germany--History--20th century
Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
Physicians--Germany--History--20th century
War crimes--Trials, litigation, etc.--Germany--Nuremberg--1945-1946
World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps

Container list
Box 1 Folder a Lists of judges and secretaries involved in the Nuremberg International Military Tribunals (undated)
Box 1 Folder b Opening Statement for the United States of America given by Robert H. Jackson on November 21, 1945, at International Military Tribunal No. 1
Box 1 Folder c The Indictment in International Military Tribunal No. 1. 1945
Box 1 Folder d The Judgment in International Military Tribunal No. 1. 1946
Box 1 Folder e Continuation of the Judgment in International Military Tribunal No. 1. 1946
Box 1 Folder f The Judgment in International Military Tribunal No. II, Case No. 2. United States of America vs Erhard Milch. 1947
Box 1 Folder g The Judgment in International Military Tribunal No. II, Case No. 2. United States of America vs. Erhard Milch. Concurring Opinion. Probably 1947
Box 1 Folder h Opening Statement for the United States of America on July 15, 1947, at International Military Tribunal, Case No. 7. The United States of America vs. Wilhelm List, et al
Box 1 Folder i Continuation of Opening Statement for the United States of America on July 15, 1947, at International Military Tribunal, Case No. 7. The United States of America vs. Wilhelm List, et al
Box 1 Folder j Official transcript of the Military Tribunal I, United States of America vs. Karl Brandt, et al, August 19, 1947
Box 1 Folder k Continuation of the official transcript of the Military Tribunal I, United States of America vs. Karl Brandt, et al, August 19, 1947
Box 2 Folder a Official transcript of the Military Tribunal II, Case No. 4, United States of America vs. Oswald Pohl, et al, November 3, 1947
Box 2 Folder b Continuation of official transcript of the Military Tribunal II, Case No. 4, United States of America vs. Oswald Pohl, et al, November 3, 1947
Box 2 Folder c Formal Sentences of United States Military Tribunal V in The United States of America vs. Wilhelm Von Leeb, et al, October 28, 1948
Box 2 Folder d Correspondence (1945, 1948) and Memos (1949)
Box 2 Folder e The Unhappy Truth by General Mark W. Clark, U.S. Army. Undated
Box 2 Folder f Portion of a document (pages 51-98) re the German Military System. Undated
Box 2 Folder g German Government and Administration: An Historical-Political Introduction. By Werner Peiser, January 31, 1947
Box 2 Folder h Continuation of: German Government and Administration: An Historical-Political Introduction. By Werner Peiser, January 31, 1947
Box 2 Folder i Paper titled Concentration Camps written by Eugen Kogon and other survivors of Buchenwald Concentration Camp. Undated
Box 2 Folder j Continuation of a paper titled Concentration Camps written by Eugen Kogon and other survivors of Buchenwald Concentration Camp. Undated
Box 3 Folder a Correspondence (1960) 2 items. 4 p
Box 3 Folder b Correspondence (1961) 10 items. 11 p
Box 3 Folder c Correspondence (1962) 13 items. 20 p
Box 3 Folder d Correspondence (1963) 6 items. 9 p
Box 3 Folder e Correspondence (1964) 12 items. 16 p
Box 3 Folder f Correspondence (1965) 7 items. 9 p
Box 3 Folder g Correspondence (1966) 2 items. 2 p
Box 3 Folder h Correspondence (1967) 18 items. 32 p
Box 3 Folder i Correspondence (1968) 17 items. 40 p
Box 3 Folder j Correspondence (1969) 16 items. 35 p
Box 3 Folder k Correspondence (1970) 6 items. 9 p
Box 3 Folder l Animal Farm, by George Orwell Book Review & Analysis (1970) Holograph. 2 items. 24 p
Box 3 Folder m Thomas Paine Biography. (1970) Holograph 1 item. 28 p
Box 3 Folder n Clippings (1961-1969) 10 items. 10 p
Box 3 Folder o Edenton Historical Commission (1963) 1 item. 3 p
Box 3 Folder p Edenton Chamber of Commerce. Constitution and By-Laws (n.d.) 1 item. 8 p
Box 3 Folder q Ephemera (1944-1965) 7 items. 7 p
Box 3 Folder r John A. Holmes High School, Edenton, NC. Jaycee Team (1967-1968) 1 item. 1 p
Box 3 Folder s North Carolina Oil Jobber's Association (1965-1968) 11 item. 21 p
Box 3 Folder t Purdue University (Lafayette, IN) Life Insurance Marketing Institute. Outline of Courses. (n.d.) 1 item. 21 p. Pamphlet
Box 3 Folder u Photographs: Beverly Hall, Edenton, NC. (c. 1900) 4 items. 4 p
Box 3 Folder v Photographs: Louise "Gee Gee" Badham (c. 1890s) 4 items. 4 p
Box 3 Folder w Photographs: "William Badham as a young man. My father." Tintype. (c. 1870s) 1 item 1 p
Box 3 Folder x Photographs: Miscellaneous (n.d.) 11 items. 11 p
Folder os1 Photostatic copies of charts re Reich Ministry Cabinet and Subsidiaries. Undated