Eric W. Pollard Papers

1953, 1965-1979
Manuscript Collection #565
Creator(s)
Pollard, Eric W.
Physical description
0.055 Cubic Feet, 12 items, consisting of letters, memos, and reports.
Preferred Citation
Eric W. Pollard Papers (#565), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Repository
ECU Manuscript Collection
Access
No restrictions

Papers (1953, 1965-1979) including correspondence, letters, memos, reports, political and economic information.


Biographical/historical information

Eric Wilson Pollard was born May 18, 1917. Appointed from California, he was a member of the U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1941. He served as a Naval aviator and, prior to 1953, as the first Naval attaché to Iran. His fluency in both French and Persian and his ability to work with the Iranians were of great import. After serving in various capacities, including special assistant for Counterinsurgency and Special Activities within Iran, Pollard retired in 1965 and engaged in commerce there with Wilton International Consultants, Inc.


Scope and arrangement

This collection includes several letters and memos from government officials such as Ambassador Loy Henderson (1953), Vice President Hubert Humphrey (1966), Admiral Arleigh Burke, USN (Ret) (1979), and Harold Brown, director of Defense Research and Engineering and secretary of defense (1965, 1979). Most of the correspondence commends Capt. Pollard for his service in Iran. Correspondence (1979), which was written after the fall of the shah's government and the establishment of the Khomeni regime, includes the outline of a salvage operation developed by Pollard. In his letter, Pollard expresses anger at the execution of General Manucher Khosrodad, a pro-U.S. Iranian general.

The centerpiece of the collection is a report entitled "Security Reappraisals for the Forward Defense Countries (in this case Iran and Pakistan) for U.S. Policy Purposes for the 1970s." The eighteen pages of text and eighteen pages of tables and notes are the culmination of a nine-month study by Captain Pollard (1965). It documents Pollard's perception of the instability of the shah's government in Iran and the numerous forces that might work together or separately to cause its collapse. It also includes information onthe political, economic, and socio-cultural background, and the military status of Iran in 1965.


Administrative information
Custodial History

December 10, 1988, 12 items, copies; Papers (1953, 1965-1979) of member of USNA Class of 1941, including correspondence and a report on U.S. security interests in Iran. Gift of Capt. Eric W. Pollard, USN (Ret), Phoenix, Arizona.

December 16, 1992 (unprocessed addition 1), 5 items; Copies of letters (1978-79) from Admiral Arleigh Burke. Donor: Capt. Eric W. Pollard USN (Ret).

December 30, 1992 (unprocessed addition 2), 2 items; Letter and clipping concerning U.S. policy in Iran. Donor: Capt. Eric W. Pollard, USN (Ret).

Source of acquisition

Gift of Eric W. Pollard USN (Ret)

Processing information

Processed by C. Crews, March 1991

Encoded by Apex Data Services

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.


Key terms
Personal Names
Brown, Harold, 1927-2019--Correspondence
Burke, Arleigh A., 1901-1996--Correspondence
Henderson, Loy W. (Loy Wesley), 1892-1986--Correspondence
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978--Correspondence
Pollard, Eric W., 1917-
Corporate Names
United States Naval Academy--Alumni and alumnae
Places
Iran--History--Revolution, 1979--Causes
Iran--Politics and government--20th century