Papers (1921-1925) including correspondence, speeches, government pamphlets, congressional records, official reports, etc. concerning service as a member of the US Congress (D-NC). C.
All of the material relates to the four years (1921-1925) during which Ward was serving in the U.S. House of Representatives. The greater part of the papers concerns the handling of routine requests from Ward's constituents in the 1st Congressional District of North Carolina and minor correspondence relative to the conduct of his law practice in Washington, North Carolina.
The collection includes extensive correspondence concerning the status of numerous postmasterships in eastern North Carolina, with comments on the merits of the system and of individuals holding office during that period. Additional voluminous information pertains to the screening of applicants for the U.S. Naval Academy and the U.S. Military Academy, a list of applicants (1923-1924), and an example of the general entrance examination for applicants. Other significant quantities of correspondence pertain to pensions for veterans and their families and routine legislation considered by the U.S. House of Representatives (1921-1925).
Specific items of some interest include discussions on cooperative marketing (1923-1924) and a bulletin published by the State of North Carolina presenting the agricultural state of affairs in this area (1920). Business correspondence concerns animal husbandry, botanic gardens, and the effects of the boll weevil on rural economies.
Several aspects of education are considered within the collection. Among these are the status of Negro education in North Carolina (1924), the educational system within the District of Columbia (1922-1923), and two bills proposing the establishment of a cabinet-level Department of Education: the Towner-Sterling Bill (1921) and the Smith-Towner Bill (1922).
During Mr. Ward's tenure of office, the question of judicial reapportionment in North Carolina was particularly important. This collection includes detailed lists and extensive correspondence relative to the creation of a third Federal Judicial District in this state, and includes an examination of the Overman Bill (1924-1925) which was designed to achieve that reapportionment.
Interesting personal narratives by Ward present his views on the state of affairs and overall conditions in Haiti and the Panama Canal Zone.
Surveys of coastal waterways and the condition of rivers, bridges, and roads within North Carolina are often discussed. In addition to the major groups of papers on this subject, passing references are frequently made to the topics in Ward's personal correspondence.
Additional legislation of some significance includes proposals for, and correspondence on, the subject of child labor (1921, 1924), the creation of a national police bureau (1923), the status of the civil governments in Puerto Rico and the Philippine Islands, the tariff proposals of 1921 and 1922, the Soldier's Adjusted Compensation Bill (1922), the need for a reorganization of the national defense structure, and the establishment of an air mail service (1921).
Perhaps the two most interesting items are a list of those members of Congress who made up the so-called "Farm Bloc"(1924) and a purported "Oath of the Knights of Columbus" submitted in testimony of a Congressional committee (1924). This "Oath," while later proven to be a forgery, presents the image of an armed, militant, Catholicism preparing to do battle for the Church.
Numerous lists of schoolteachers, registrars, ministers, newspapers, schools, and voters appear in the collection.
For additional information see Junius D. Grimes Papers (#571).
Gift of Mrs. Ida W. Grimes
Processed by A. Sabrosky
Encoded by Apex Data Services
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.