Collection (1816-1899) including correspondence, legal papers, military papers, etc. relating to William D. Holt and his cotton sales business, local policies, railroad construction, the Farmers Alliance, private debts, his service during the Civil War, and business records.
The bulk of the items in the collection relate to the activities of William D. Holt, a businessman in Boonehill (now Princeton), N.C. Holt's business interests were varied but centered chiefly on the sale of cotton. Dry goods sales and farming represented other occupational activities.
Correspondence (1868-1889) describes the local reaction to the election of 1868 in Newton, N.C., and comments on construction activities of the North Carolina Railroad in the Piedmont and Eastern regions of North Carolina. A letter from Troy G. Holt (April 25, 1889) to Leonidas L. Polk, noted North Carolina political figure, journalist, and founder of the Farmers' Alliance, describes the program and attitude of the local Princeton Farmers' Alliance. The letter contains a comprehensive statement of the Alliance philosophy.
Legal papers (1854-1871, undated) are concerned with private debts and consist primarily of warrants. A warrant dated October 18, 1859 reflects W. D. Holt's activity as Justice of the Peace during that year. Other material includes contracts and items relating to a case of bankruptcy involving W. D. Holt.
Military papers (1863-1865, undated) reflect W. D. Holt's activities in the North Carolina Home Guard (1st Battalion--Headquarters at Goldsboro, N. C.) as a quartermaster officer. Of interest are "ration returns,"dated December 4, 1863, which indicate the strengths of various companies of the Home Guard at the Smithfield Station. Also of interest is a ration receipt signed by Lt. J. W. Gastings of Colonel Whitford's North Carolina Infantry (67th Regiment), dated March 20, 1865, which falls in the time period of the Battle of Bentonville (March 20-21, 1865). Other items include statements (undated) of wages earned for service in the N. C. Home Guard.
Financial papers (1816-1875, undated) include several indentures, receipts, and statements of account of various categories. Of interest are indentures between William Holt and James Harmon accomplished in 1816 and 1825. Other items include a statement of cotton sales at Wilmington, N.C. (February 9, 1861) and a receipt for Direct Taxes collected from W. D. Holt under a law of the U.S. Congress entitled "An Act for the collection of direct taxes in insurrectionary districts within the United States"(June 6, 1866).
Printed material (1828-1868, undated) includes a number of books and school primers. Included are a bound collection of Youth's Friend and the Scholars Magazine (1828); The North American Arithmetic by Frederick Emerson (1838); Lectures to Youngmen by Joel Hawes (1848); and Music and Odes of the Sons of Temperance (1848). Two items relating to Reconstruction are included: "Suffrage: the Armor of Liberty"by General C. C. Andrews, U.S.A., contained in a Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction, 1st Session, 39th Congress, Part IV, March 14, 1866, and "Reconstruction"by the Hon. J. A. Logan, Representative from Illinois, July 11, 1867, printed by the Republican Congressional Committee. Also of interest are a "Review of the Wilmington Markets for Week Ending Thursday, January 2, 1869,"published by Worth and Daniels, shipping agents, and a "Weekly Cotton Circular,"printed by William Bryce and Company of New York (September 11, 1868). Undated items include "Home for the Homeless: What the Republican Party has done for the Poor,"published by the Republican Congressional Committee and sundry advertisement leaflets.
Miscellaneous items (1848-1880, undated) include a plat (1841), and account of local votes given for the gubernatorial election of 1860, a tool inventory for the N.C.R.R. (1870), and various poems (undated).
The oversize folder contains an 1816 Johnston County, N.C., deed between James Harmon, Jr., and William Holt.
Loaned by Mrs. Sara Holt Arthur
Processed by D. Lennon, April 1968
Encoded by Apex Data Services
Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.