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The City That Never Was: Count von Zinzendorf's Original Plan for Salem


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In 1755, Moravian Church leader Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf designed a town to be built in Forsyth County, North Carolina. The town was based on von Zinzendorf's belief that the new city be inward looking, a religious refuge, church and community centered, healthful and open to outside trade and communication. His plan for the town of Unitas, now Salem, was founded on the ideas of Roman architect Pollio Vitruvius and found little acceptance at the New Moravian headquarters in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. After von Zinzendorf's passing in 1760, the Moravian leader in America, August Spangenberg developed a new grid plan to better fit the current Moravian needs and philosophy.
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21433