After the Civil War, the independent lifestyles of Outer Banks citizens began to change as business interests, such as commercial fishing, moved to the area in competition with traditional cottage industries, such as boat building and net making.
Prior to 1662 there were no accurate maps of the Carolina coast from Cape Lookout to Port Royal Sound. Six voyages of exploration between 1662 and 1667 added detailed descriptions of previously unknown areas to existing maps.
President Thomas Jefferson viewed the Navy as a defensive agency that should use small, two-cannon ships. Use of these vessels in North Carolina's treacherous coastal waters validated his gunboat program philosophy.
Camden's Moses Grandy, a waterman from the 1790s to the 1830s, wrote THE NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF MOSES GRANDY, WHO WAS A SLAVE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, the only account of maritime life in the state written by a former slave.