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for North Carolina--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Indians of North America
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Colonel William Holland Thomas represented the Cherokee Indians and was a state senator. In 1862, he led 200 Cherokees of the 69th Regiment which was used primarily to protect the western part of the state during the Civil War. Although Thomas was court-martialed for failure to follow orders in 1864, he was not removed from his post, and he surrendered to Federal forces on May 7, 1865.\r\n
A number of Native Americans fought in the Civil War, some supporting the North, others the South. Several hundred Cherokees fought for the South, serving in Thomas' Legion, which was formed and led by William Holland Thomas. In the eastern part of the state, the Lumbees hid out in the swamps rather than do forced labor for the Confederacy. The Lumbees generally supported the North.