Hyde County is OUR STATE magazine's featured county of the month. It is one of the state's largest counties in land area, at 643 square miles, but with only 5,413 residents, it has the second smallest population of North Carolina's one hundred counties. Hyde is one of the oldest counties and was named for Edward Hyde, a colonial governor of North Carolina. There are no incorporated towns in the county, and the area remains dotted with small communities and tiny crossroads. The county has abundant wildlife and four National Wildlife Refuges are located entirely or partially within its borders. A number of significant historic buildings are located there, including the Octagon House in Engelhard and the Lake Mattamuskeet Lodge.