North Carolina's coast remained sparsely populated until the mid-20th-century. The attraction with the coast began with the influx of people during World War II. After hostilities ceased, a building boom began with high-rise hotels, condominium towers, strip malls, and beach houses crowding into environmentally delicate areas. The North Carolina Coastal Federation, organized in 1982, is a nonprofit organization that has a simple mission--protect the coast. La Vere discusses the NCCF's three-pronged strategy for coastal protection and the work of the state's three coastkeepers.