The author presents an editorial from 1959 that appeared in the local newspaper by J. H. Rose, Superintendent of Pitt County Schools and Director of Civil Defense for Pitt County. The editorial gives the feelings of the time during the Cold War. Civil Defense began after the outbreak of WWI with the formation of the Aircraft Warning Service. There is a National Survival Plan, created to prevent panic, which gives information as to Fall-out dangers in various parts of each State resulting from atomic bomb blasts. In Pitt County there is a director of Civil Defense for the entire county and this director works under an executive committee composed of the chairman of the Board of County Commissioners and the mayors of each municipality in the county.