By the spring of 1862, Eastern North Carolina was already feeling the effects of the Civil War. Coastal fortifications at Washington, Plymouth, and New Bern were under federal occupation. Confederate forces still maintained control of the entire area west of Greenville, Kinston, Goldsboro, and Wilmington. The area between the U.S. and Confederate occupied areas suffered greatly. In November 1862, Major General John G. Foster, U.S.A., received orders to attack Confederate regiments in Martin County. Considered to be just as devastating as Sherman's march through Georgia, Foster's Raid covered about ninety-four miles in Martin County. Over two million dollars worth of property damage was done and nothing of military value was accomplished.