Between 1900 and 1960 the automobile significantly changed recreation in North Carolina by making travel cheaper and easier, recreation sites more accessible, and support businesses, such as gift shops and restaurants, more widespread.
From colonial times, the state's economy and connections with the nation and world depended, in part, upon an efficient transportation system. Once powered by water, then steam, the system is now fueled by petroleum.
An examination of the use of convict labor for road building during the years between 1890 and 1917 as a measure of penal reform. Using North Carolina chain gangs as a case study, the article seeks to establish the basis for the penal reform, to determine whether the use of chain gangs for road building was an attempt to rationalize the existing penal system, or if it was related to other progressive activities, and what eventually lead to the failure of the program.