Related to family law in a number of areas, the North Carolina General Assembly enacted various legislative pieces in 1995. In response to research on the effect of equitable distribution law on women and families, the General Assembly passed four bills intended to address delays in the prosecution of equitable distribution cases, providing for interim allocations and pretrial procedures. Affective October 1995, Chapter 319 rewrites the law regarding alimony, providing procedures for post-separation support, while deleting the requirements of the dependent spouse to show fault in order to receive alimony. In domestic violence cases, courts may now prohibit a party from purchasing a firearm for a certain period of time. The General Assembly also adopted the new Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA) which establishes procedures for child and spousal support across state lines. Juvenile law saw amendments to provide for the inclusion of parents in the medical, psychiatric, or psychological treatment of a child deemed by the court to be delinquent, abused, neglected, or dependent. Juveniles between the age of 16 and 17, away from home for more than 48 hours without permission from a guardian can be taken into custody by a law enforcement officer without court order. Additionally, no physician may perform an abortion on an un-emancipated minor unless they have obtained consent from both the minor and either a parent or guardian; however, a minor may obtain a judicial waiver of consent in certain circumstances. Chapter 457 rewrites entirely North Carolina’s adoption laws, providing major provisions for the adoption of both minors, adults, and a step child by a stepparent. The legislation also requires new terms on the confidentiality of records and prohibited practices in connection with adoption.