This road is known by several names. In North Carolina it is called the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road, or just Great Wagon Road. In Virginia it is called the Carolina Road because it led down into North Carolina. This road from Pennsylvania to the backcountry of North Carolina followed early Indian trails. It brought settlers for a number of reasons: fertile land at good prices, new opportunities, and religious freedom. The authors describe a trip on the road and some of the groups that traveled it.