During the Depression, William Dudley Pelley, journalist and promoter of mystical and political extremist teachings, moved to Asheville. There he founded Galahad Press, where he published various propaganda attacking Jews and President Roosevelt. He also organized the "Silver Shirts," a group he deemed the "protestant militia of America," that would "save America from a Jewish-sponsored communist plot." His headquarters were in Asheville from 1932 until 1941. In 1942, after World War II began, Pelley was convicted of sedition and sentenced to fifteen years in prison.'