History of Medicine in Pictures Prints

1957-1965
Laupus Library Manuscript Collection, LL 02.66
Creator(s)
Parke, Davis & Company; Thom, Robert A.
Physical description
1.25 Cubic Feet
Preferred Citation
History of Medicine in Pictures Prints (LL 02.66), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
Repository
Laupus Library History Collections
Access
No restrictions

Complete 45 print series of "A History of Medicine in Pictures" produced by Parke, Davis & Company.


Biographical/historical information

"A History of Medicine in Pictures" was the second series produced by Parke, Davis & Company. The first series, "Great Moments in Pharmacy," is a 40 oil painting series thought of by George A. Bender, a pharmacist, during the Great Depression. He was inspired by a series of illustrations depicting episodes in the history of surgery sponsored by Davis & Geck, and then another series of prints, "Search and Research," sponsored by Abbott Laboratories. Bender approached Abbott Laboratories about doing a similar series for pharmacy, but was turned down. Close to ten years later, in 1947, Bender joined Parke-Davis as editor of "Modern Pharmacy." In 1949, he wrote and submitted a seven-page proposal to Parke-Davis executives, providing estimated costs for 27 paintings and identified the advantages that such a project would provide to the sponsoring firm. His proposal was approved.

Robert A. Thom was selected as the artist for the series and began working on the 40 most important events in pharmacy's history. All 40 paintings in the pharmacy series were exhibited together for the first time at the 1956 American Pharmaceutical Association Annual Meeting in Detroit.

In 1953, Parke-Davis Vice President Carl Johnson suggested that a similar series should be developed for the history of medicine. Four years later, "A History of Medicine in Pictures" began publication in the January 1957 issue of the Parke-Davis journal "Therapeutic Notes." New prints were released each year until 1964. After 1961, doctors received sets of six prints with illustrated instructions on how to frame and hang them for the best effect. The 45 painting series highlights major developments and the general evolution of medicine beginning in ancient Egypt.

Both series, "Great Moments in Pharmacy" and "A History of Medicine in Pictures," were published in book form in 1966 by Northwood Institute Press.


Scope and arrangement

Complete 45 print series of "A History of Medicine in Pictures" produced by Parke, Davis & Company. The series depicts the development of medicine beginning in ancient Egypt. Other prints depict Hippocrates, Vesalius, Lind, Jenner, and Pasteur. The prints were meant to be framed, and included a description of each that could be attached to the backs of the framed prints.


Administrative information
Source of acquisition

Donor information unknown

Gift of Nicholas Benson.

Processing information

Processed by Ashley Williams, 2016. Updated by Layne Carpenter, 2020.

Copyright notice

Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.


Language of material

English

Related material

Great moments in medicine : the stories and paintings in the series. A history of medicine in pictures, The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Artwork and Prints (CD 01.79), The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.


Container list
Box 1 Folder 1 SuĊ›ruta, Surgeon of Old India, 1957
Box 1 Folder 1 Temples and Cult of Asclepius, 1957
Box 1 Folder 1 Trephining in Anceint Peru, 1957
Box 1 Folder 1 Primitive Medicine, 1957
Box 1 Folder 1 Code of Hammurabi, 1957
Box 1 Folder 1 Medicine in Ancient Egypt, 1957
Box 1 Folder 2 Hippocrates: Medicine Becomes a Science, 1958
Box 1 Folder 2 Galen, Influence for Forty-five Generations, 1958
Box 1 Folder 2 Rhazes and Arabic Medicine, 1958
Box 1 Folder 2 Medieval Hospitals, 1958
Box 1 Folder 2 Paracelsus - Stormy Petrel of Medicine, 1958
Box 1 Folder 2 Vesalius and the Anatomy of Man, 1958
Box 1 Folder 3 Ambroise Pare: Surgery Acquires Stature, 1959
Box 1 Folder 3 Harvey and the Circulation of the Blood, 1959
Box 1 Folder 3 Leeuwenhoek and the "Little Animals", 1959
Box 1 Folder 3 Sydenham: Proponent of Clinical Medicine, 1959
Box 1 Folder 3 James Lind: Conqueror of Scurvy, 1959
Box 1 Folder 3 Lavoisier - Oxygen, Combustion, and Respiration, 1960
Box 1 Folder 4 Morgagni and Pathologic Anatomy, 1960
Box 1 Folder 4 John Hunter: Found of Scientific Surgery, 1960
Box 1 Folder 4 Benjamin Rush: Physician, Pedant, and Patriot, 1960
Box 1 Folder 4 Pinel Unchains the Insane, 1960
Box 1 Folder 4 Jenner: Smallpox is Stemmed, 1960
Box 1 Folder 4 Laennec and the Stethoscope, 1960
Box 1 Folder 5 Conquerors of Pain, 1961
Box 1 Folder 5 Semmelweis: Defender of Motherhood, 1961
Box 1 Folder 5 Founding of the American Medical Association, 1961
Box 1 Folder 5 Rudolf Virchow and Cellular Pathology, 1961
Box 1 Folder 5 Helmholtz: Physicist-Physician, 1961
Box 1 Folder 5 J. Marion Sims: Gynecologic Surgeon, 1961
Box 1 Folder 6 Claude Bernard: Explorer of Physiologic Frontiers, 1962
Box 1 Folder 6 Pasteur: The Chemist Who Transformed Medicine, 1962
Box 1 Folder 6 Lister Introduces Antisepsis, 1962
Box 1 Folder 6 Charcot: Master of Neurology, 1962
Box 1 Folder 6 The Hopkins: A Revolution in Medical Education, 1962
Box 1 Folder 6 Röntgen: Invisible Rays that Save Lives, 1962
Box 1 Folder 7 The Conquest of Yellow Fever, 1963
Box 1 Folder 7 Walter B. Cannon: Physiologic Investigator, 1963
Box 1 Folder 7 Ehrlich: Chemotherapy is Launched, 1963
Box 1 Folder 7 Ramòn y Cajal: Charting the Nervous System, 1963
Box 1 Folder 8 Harvey Cushing and Neurosurgery, 1964
Box 1 Folder 8 Joseph Goldberger: Dietary Deficiency and Disease, 1964
Box 1 Folder 8 Banting, Best, and Diabetes, 1964
Box 1 Folder 8 The Era of Antibiotics, 1964
Box 1 Folder 8 Medicine Today and Tomorrow, 1964
Box 1 Folder 9 Great Moments in Medicine Prints, 1965