Artwork and Prints, 1909, 1949-1978

The Country Doctor Museum Manuscript Collection, CD 01.79

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Artwork and Prints
    Creator: Country Doctor Museum.
    Repository: Laupus Library History Collections
    Language: English
    Abstract: Artwork and prints, primarily oversized, found in Country Doctor Museum items. Includes prints from "A History of Pharmacy in Pictures," "A History of Medicine in Pictures," "Gay Philosopher" by Henry Major, "Pioneers of American Medicine" by Dean Cornwell, and other prints.
    Extent: 1.48 Cubic feet,
  • Description
     

    Artwork and prints, primarily oversized, found in Country Doctor Museum items. Includes prints from "A History of Pharmacy in Pictures," "A History of Medicine in Pictures," “Gay Philosopher” by Henry Major, "Pioneers of American Medicine" by Dean Cornwell, and other prints. The collection has 21 of 40 "History of Pharmacy" prints; 5 of 45 "History of Medicine" prints; and 3 of 6 "Pioneers of American Medicine" prints.

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    "Great Moments in Pharmacy" is a 40 oil painting series thought of by George A. Bender, a pharmacist, during the Great Depression. He was inspired by a series of illustrations depicting episodes in the history of surgery sponsored by Davis & Geck, and then another series of prints, "Search and Research", sponsored by Abbott Laboratories. Bender approached Abbott Laboratories about doing a similar series for pharmacy, but was turned down. Close to ten years later in 1947, Bender joined Parke-Davis as editor of its house organ, "Modern Pharmacy", and within a month began putting out feelers about his old idea, a history of pharmacy in pictures. In 1949, Bender wrote and submitted a seven-page proposal to Parke-Davis executives. In it, he provided estimated costs for 27 paintings and identified the advantages that such a project would provide to the sponsoring firm. His proposal was approved.

    Bender was dissatisfied with the quality of work and the prices of many early contenders from various commercial art firms. One artist did interest him, and Bender gave him a trial assignment to produce the Christmas cover for "Modern Pharmacy". The artist was Robert A. Thom. Thom was selected as the artist for the series and began working on the 40 most important events in pharmacy’s history. Bender rounded out his project team by seeking historical guidance from the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy in Madison, Wisconsin.

    Some paintings would be done in four weeks, while others took four months to complete. All 40 paintings were exhibited together for the first time at the 1956 American Pharmaceutical Association Annual Meeting in Detroit. Pharmacists and the public requested the pharmacy series so Parke-Davis made them available in three media: gatefold inserts in "Modern Pharmacy", art prints suitable for framing, and window displays for enhancement of the professional décor of pharmacies.

    In 1953, Parke-Davis Vice President Carl Johnson suggested that a similar series should be developed for the history of medicine. Four years later, "A History of Medicine in Pictures" began publication in the January 1957 issue of the Parke-Davis journal "Therapeutic Notes". Prints of both series were published in book form in 1966 by Northwood Institute Press.

    The “Gay Philosopher” was originally done by Henry Major from 1945 to 1953 for Brown and Bigelow Advertising. During this time, Major painted about ten Gay Philosopher paintings. The series was used on a wide range of items: poster calendar, direct mail blotters, greeting cards, postcards, playing cards, glassware, and metal and chalkware busts.

    After Major’s death in 1953, Clair V. Fry who was the art director at Brown and Bigelow Advertising in New York City, was tasked with carrying on the character for advertising purposes. Fry continued to paint “The Philosopher” until 1973. Out of respect for Major, Fry never signed any images that he painted of this character, allowing collectors to quickly identify the artist.

    "Pioneers of American Medicine" was commissioned in 1939 by the Wyeth Laboratories. Dean Cornwell produced six paintings for the series. He produced just one painting a year due to his need for extensive research. Wyeth first turned the paintings into posters and magazine ads, and then published them as a small booklet in 1945. The six paintings depict: Ephraim McDowell performing abdominal surgery; William Proctor establishing American pharmacy; Oliver Wendell Holmes combating puerperal fever; army doctors Walter Reed, Jesse Lazear, and James Carroll fighting yellow fever; army surgeon William Beaumont with his famous patient, Alexis St. Martin, making discoveries in digestive physiology; and William Osler teaching at Old Blockley.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    Donor information unknown

    Acquisition Information

    Donor information unknown

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Artwork and Prints (CD 01.79), The Country Doctor Museum, at The William E. Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processing revised by Ashley Williams, 2015

    Sponsor Statement

    Online access to this finding aid is supported with funds created through the federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA). These funds come through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. This grant is part of the North Carolina Access and Digitization Grant Program.

Container List

  • History of Pharmacy in Pictures, 1949-1956
     
    China, 2000 B.C., 1949-1956
    China, 2000 B.C., 1949-1956
    Terra Sigillata, 1949-1956
    Terra Sigillata, 1949-1956
    Theophrastus, 350 B.C., 1949-1956
    Mithridates, 100 B.C., 1949-1956
    Pedanios Dioscorides (50-100 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Galen (131-201 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Monastic Pharmacy (5th to 12th centuries), 1949-1956
    Monastic Pharmacy (5th to 12th centuries), 1949-1956
    First Apothecary Shop (754 A.D.), 1949-1956
    First Apothecary Shop (754 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Avicenna- The "Persian Galen" (980-1037 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Separation of Pharmacy and Medicine (1240 A.D.), 1949-1956
    The First Official Pharmacopoeia (1498 A.D.), 1949-1956
    The Society of Apothecaries (1617 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Serturner, First Alkaloid Chemist (About 1816), 1949-1956
    Caventou, Pelletier, and Quinine (About 1820), 1949-1956
    American Pharmacy Builds Its Foundations (1821), 1949-1956
    The Shakers and Medicinal Herbs (About 1830), 1949-1956
    The American Pharmaceutical Association (Founded in 1852), 1949-1956
    European and American Pharmacy Meet (1867), 1949-1956
    The Standardization of Pharmaceuticals (About 1883), 1949-1956
    Stanislas Limousin, Pharmacal Inventor (About 1886), 1949-1956
    The Development of Chemotherapy, 1949-1956
    History of Pharmacy in Pictures Portfolio and Info Cards, 1956
  • History of Medicine in Pictures, 1957
     
    The Code of Hammurabi, 1957
    The Temples and Cult of Asclepius, 1957
    Ambroise Pare - Surgery Acquires Stature, 1957
    Vesalius and the Anatomy of Man, 1957
    James Lind - Conqueror of Scurvy, 1957
    Info Cards for Ambroise Pare and James Lind, 1959

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Container List

  • History of Pharmacy in Pictures, 1949-1956
     
    China, 2000 B.C., 1949-1956
    China, 2000 B.C., 1949-1956
    Terra Sigillata, 1949-1956
    Terra Sigillata, 1949-1956
    Theophrastus, 350 B.C., 1949-1956
    Mithridates, 100 B.C., 1949-1956
    Pedanios Dioscorides (50-100 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Galen (131-201 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Monastic Pharmacy (5th to 12th centuries), 1949-1956
    Monastic Pharmacy (5th to 12th centuries), 1949-1956
    First Apothecary Shop (754 A.D.), 1949-1956
    First Apothecary Shop (754 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Avicenna- The "Persian Galen" (980-1037 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Separation of Pharmacy and Medicine (1240 A.D.), 1949-1956
    The First Official Pharmacopoeia (1498 A.D.), 1949-1956
    The Society of Apothecaries (1617 A.D.), 1949-1956
    Serturner, First Alkaloid Chemist (About 1816), 1949-1956
    Caventou, Pelletier, and Quinine (About 1820), 1949-1956
    American Pharmacy Builds Its Foundations (1821), 1949-1956
    The Shakers and Medicinal Herbs (About 1830), 1949-1956
    The American Pharmaceutical Association (Founded in 1852), 1949-1956
    European and American Pharmacy Meet (1867), 1949-1956
    The Standardization of Pharmaceuticals (About 1883), 1949-1956
    Stanislas Limousin, Pharmacal Inventor (About 1886), 1949-1956
    The Development of Chemotherapy, 1949-1956
    History of Pharmacy in Pictures Portfolio and Info Cards, 1956
  • History of Medicine in Pictures, 1957
     
    The Code of Hammurabi, 1957
    The Temples and Cult of Asclepius, 1957
    Ambroise Pare - Surgery Acquires Stature, 1957
    Vesalius and the Anatomy of Man, 1957
    James Lind - Conqueror of Scurvy, 1957
    Info Cards for Ambroise Pare and James Lind, 1959


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