Milton P. Fields Papers, 1941-1995, undated

Manuscript Collection #754

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Milton P. Fields Papers
    Creator: Fields, Milton P.
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Papers [1945, 1948] including correspondence, photographs, a map, a phase chart, 2 poems, courts martial, etc.
    Extent: 4.5 Cubic feet, 4 boxes, 251 items, containing 240 photographs, a map, a Japanese phrase chart, two poems, courts martial, and other miscellaneous items.
  • Description
     

    The main component of this collection is that of the photographs and negatives (circa 1943–1948) taken by Milton P. Fields. Most of the positive images have corresponding negatives; however, there are some negatives without matching positive images.

    The aircraft carrier USS Saratoga, where most of Fields' work in this collection was concentrated, is the focus of many photographs, which were taken from shore, aboard ship, and from aircraft. Of significant interest are the pictures that were taken on the Saratoga during a kamikaze attack at Iwo Jima on 21 February 1945, in the Battle of Iwo Jima. Photographs of this event focus on action taking place on the flight deck. There are photographs picturing the damage on other parts of the ship as well. Newspaper articles that report the kamikaze attack at Iwo Jima in February 1945, and the Saratoga's arrival in San Francisco at the end of the war later that year are also included. Some of the operations of Saratoga in the Pacific Ocean were photographed from aircraft flying overhead showing beach invasions and bombing raids on Eniwetok Atoll, Tanambogo and Gavutu islands, Florida Island, and others. An assortment of photographs show operations on the flight deck with Saratoga's aircraft, other flight deck operations, and shipboard life.

    Photographs of other ships include the USS Hammondsport (sea plane tender, July 1942); HMS Victorious (launching aircraft); USS Shelton (destroyer escort, DE-407); USS Albert T. Harris (destroyer, DE-447); USS Greenwood; a light carrier; USS North Carolina (August 1943); USS San Diego (cruiser, June 1943); a tanker; and a Japanese warship.

    Photographs of high ranking U.S. Naval personnel include former Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Admiral Raymond Spruance, Admiral Sherman, and Admiral William F. Halsey. Senator Margaret Chase Smith and Senator Al Gore Sr. are pictured as well.

    Other topics represented in the images include a U.S. Navy photo school, Camp Andrews, harbor scenes, USO entertainment, U.S. warplanes taking off and landing on Saratoga (includes “barrier crash” of TBF-1), score of damage by airplanes on Japanese targets, warplanes on ship deck, unidentified people (civilians in U.S.), scenes of Clinton, North Carolina (1947), scenes around Navy yard and docked ship, crew with cameras, various shots of warplanes sinking into water when practicing landing on ship, the Navy General Office and two ship crews with corresponding ships unnamed (with names of crew members on back), a USS Saratoga crew ski party held at Mt. Ranier (1945), the wedding of a prominent African American Greenville physician (1948), and three oversized photographs (ca. 1948) featuring views of East Carolina Teachers College in Greenville, N.C.

    Printed materials include a map of one of Saratoga's voyages in the Pacific Ocean, a cartoon drawing, a copy of a sketch of a battle at sea by Gilbert Bundy, an unsigned artist's rendition of Saratoga under attack, a Japanese word and phrase list, and a weekly accounting of the cost for the general mess on Saratoga. Also included is a poem about the Saratoga, a poem titled "My Alma Mater," general court martials for photographer’s mate first class David Kieffer and seaman first class Harold W. Albright (1945), a congratulatory memorandum from A. B. Betsger, Commander, U.S. Navy, to Chief Photographer “Zimmerman” for the fine photography work of his men aboard the Saratoga (1945), and a copy of an affidavit of Stefan A. Yarady, an airman captured by the Japanese and held as a prisoner of war (1943–1946). Also in the printed materials are two editions of the East Carolina Teachers College year book, the Tecoan (1946,1948); a blank registration form for Yorktown CV-10 Reunion (1984); twelve issues of the Saratoga Log, a newsletter edited and published by John Fry, of San Diego, CA, for veterans of the USS Saratoga (1992–1995); photocopies of Sara: The Story of the USS Saratoga [CV-3] with names and addresses of crewmembers in photographs indicated in margins of text by the donor (ca. 1924–1946); and two pages from a book entitled “I Was a Kamikaze” by Ryuji Nagatsuka, photocopy, with notes by Fields on back (undated).

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    Milton P. Fields was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, in 1926 and served in the U.S. Navy during World War II as a photographer. After the war, he attended East Carolina University in Greenville, N.C., and graduated in 1949 with an AB in English. He later attended Emory University and Wake Forest University earning a doctor of laws in 1953. That same year Fields was admitted to the bar in North Carolina. He served as a prosecuting attorney in Rocky Mount, N.C., in 1958 and the following year he and partner(s) established Fields and Cooper Law Offices. Fields' practice area is general civil litigation.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    January 21, 1998, ca. 225 items; Photographs and miscellaneous documents of photographer stationed aboard the USS Saratoga during World War II. Gift of Mr. Milton P. Fields, Rocky Mount, N.C.

    February 8, 2000 (addition 1), 19 items, 0.022 cubic feet; Correspondence, photographs, prints, clippings, documents and printed materials related to the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga (CV-3) during World War II in the Pacific Ocean, including a copy of an affidavit of Stefan A. Yarady, an airman captured by the Japanese and held as a prisoner of war, 1943-1945; and copies of the "Saratoga Log," Vol. 1, no. 1 – Vol. 4, no. 1, January 1992 – January 1995, a newsletter edited and published by John Fry, of San Diego, CA, for veterans of the USS Saratoga. Gift of Mr. Milton P. Fields.

    July 27, 2004 (addition 2), 205 items, ca. 1.57 cubic feet; Photographic prints and negatives (1943-1946) taken, developed and printed by the donor during his World War II service as a Photographers Mate (2C) aboard USS Saratoga (CV-3); and as a student at East Carolina Teachers College, ca. 1946-1950; also ECTC Tecoan volumes, 1946, 1948. Gift of Mr. Milton P. Fields.

    September 10, 2004 (addition 3), 1 item, ca. 0.003 cubic feet; Photographic print (ca. 1943-1946) of an aerial view of the USS Saratoga (CV-3), Sepia. 9.25" x 6.75". Gift of Ms. Brittney A. Campbell.

    October 9, 2006 (addition 4), 2 items, ca. 0.003 cubic feet; Photocopied manuscript of Sara: The Story of the USS Saratoga (CV-3), ca. 1924-1946, Lt. B.J. Richards, ed. (n.p., [1946?]). 23.5 x 30.5 cm. Notes: Original blue hardcover with gold printing and silhouette of CV-3 and original map missing. Names and addresses of crewmembers in photographs indicated in margins of text by the donor. Gift of Mr. Milton P. Fields.

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of Mr. Milton P. Fields

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Milton P. Fields Papers (#754), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Encoded by Apex Data Services.

    Processed by Dale Sauter, October 2013.

Container List

  • Printed Materials
     

    • Box 1
       
      Assorted printed materials. Includes: A weekly account of the cost for the general mess on SARATOGA (1945), General court martials for photographer’s mate and seaman first class (1945), Congratulatory memorandum for photography work aboard the SARATOGA (1945), affidavit of an airman captured by the Japanese (1943-1945, 1946), form for Yorktown CV10 Reunion (1984), Twelve issues of the "Saratoga Log" (1992-1995), Two poems (undated), Japanese word and phrase list (undated), Map of SARATOGA's voyages (undated), cartoon drawing and a copy of a sketch of a battle at sea (undated), artist's rendition of SARATOGA under attack (undated), notes by Fields (undated).
      East Carolina Teachers College year book, the Tecoan, 1946
      East Carolina Teachers College year book, the Tecoan, 1948
      Photocopy of Sara: The Story of the U.S.S. Saratoga [CV-3] (part 1), undated
      Photocopy of Sara: The Story of the U.S.S. Saratoga [CV-3] (part 2), undated
  • Photographic Materials
     

    • Box 2
       
      Negatives with corresponding positive images. (For reference, see positive image descriptions.) Photo numbers 111-112, 119, 121-122, 124-126, 129-130, 132, 191, 233, 235, 242-243 248-249, 251-252, 254, 256, 258-259, 261, 263-264, 266, 268-272, 276, 278, 281, 329-330, 333- 336, 339-343, 357-359, 360-369, 394-416, 425-430, 432-447.
      Negatives without corresponding positive images. U.S. Navy Liberty, various seaman, Navy Photo School (photo numbers 373-378), unidentified woman (photo number 379), airplane crash (photo numbers 381-382), ship seaman (photo numbers 383-386), Camp Andrews (photo numbers 387-389), servicing a plane, band on flight deck, M.P. in lab, M.P. and Gilbert playing checkers (photo numbers 390-393), USS Saratoga ski party at Mt. Ranier (photo numbers 394-447, 1945), outdoor scene (photo number 448), man with camera (photo number 449), sailors boarding trolley photo number 450), Milton Fields with movie camera (photo number 451, 1944), harbor scene and unidentified people (photo numbers 453-466), harbor scene (photo numbers 467-468), round building (photo number 469), palm tree (photo number 470), East Carolina Teacher’s College (photo numbers 477-478, 1948).
    • Box 3
       
      Photographs. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz Nimitz, aerial shots of USS Saratoga (1943), Invasion of Engebi Island in Eniwetok atoll (1944), operations, post-bombing, airfield off Garutu and Tanambogo Islands, US forced landing on Florida Island, Makambo Island, Tulagi, (1942), newspaper headlines and story documenting Japanese attack on the USS Saratoga and its arrival back to San Francisco (1945), cleaned turkeys for Thanksgiving dinner aboard the USS Saratoga (photo numbers 1-53)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga birthday party, USO Photographs, entertainment, life aboard the ship, Corsair crashing into ocean (practice flights), Hellcat accident on ship (photo numbers 54-118)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga ski party at Mt. Ranier (photo numbers 119-133, 1945)
      Photographs. Hawaii, landing signalman bringing in plane, USS Saratoga at end of war, “Operation Magic Carpet” arrival at San Francisco (photo numbers 134-149, 1945)
      Photographs. First hit (Kamikaze) on USS Saratoga during Battle of Iwo Jima, (photo numbers 150-176, February 21, 1945), funeral service for men killed during first Kamikaze attack (photo number 177)
      Photographs. U.S. warplanes taking off and landing on USS Saratoga, includes “barrier crash of TBF-1”, life raft (photo numbers 178-190), shipboard scene (photo number 191) score of damage by airplanes on Japanese targets (photo number 192), warplane on ship deck (photo number193)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga aerial views sea plane tender (photo numbers 194-196), USS Hammondsport (photo numbers 197-198, July 1942), HMS Victorious (launching aircraft) (photo numbers 199-209), Destroyer Escort DE-407 USS Shelton (photo number 210), Destroyer DE 447 USS Albert T. Harris (photo number 211), USS Greenwood (photo number 212), light carrier (photo number 213), USS North Carolina (photo number 214, August 1943), Cruiser USS San Diego (photo number 215, June 1943), tanker (photo numbers 216-217 ), Japanese warship (photo number 218), unidentified ship (photo number 219)
      Photographs. Crew shown on deck of the USS Saratoga (photo numbers 220-221, October 1943), bugler on ship (photo numbers 222-223, July 1945), Chief in boiler room (photo number 224), Crew on deck of ship, probably photo crew (photo number 225), crew members cleaning side of ship (photo number 226), crew member servicing plane (photo number 227-228), USS Saratoga flight deck with airmen and planes (photo number 229, January 1945), aerial view of USS Saratoga showing crew and guns (photo number 230), crew member initiation (being hosed down) (photo number 231)
      Photographs, View from inside plane of John Rogers Field outside Honolulu (photo number 232), various view of Hawaii, including Waikiki Beach (photo numbers 233-237),
    • Box 4
       
      Wedding of prominent African American Greenville physician (photo numbers 238-240, 1948)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga crew on Mt. Ranier ski trip (photo numbers 241-280, 1945)
      Photographs. unidentified people (civilians, photo numbers 281-285), Hawaii (?) (photo numbers 286-289), scenes of Clinton, N.C. (photo numbers 290-295, 1947), various items, including a rope, Coke bottles, laundry on clothesline (photo numbers 296-299), crew in Navy photo lab (Goodman film, photo number 300), warplane in sky (photo number 301) construction workers (photo numbers 302-303), Navy crew working around ship (photo numbers 304-307), photographic print washer with lab crew (photo number 308), life raft (photo number 309), more scenes around Navy yard and docked ship, also crew with cameras (photo numbers 310-326)
      Photographs. staged, excited view of crewmember reaction to Japanese surrender (photo number 327), USS Lexington (?) (photo number 328), oiler (photo numbers 329-330), HMS Illustrations (?) (photo number 331), various scenes of crewmen onboard and off ship (photo numbers 332-348), skiing scene (photo number 349), various scenes of crewmen and ski photo (photo numbers 350-355), various shots of warplanes sinking into water when practicing landing on ship (photo numbers 356-372)
      Photographs. Navy General Office, two ship crews, ships unnamed, with names of crew members on back, two aerial photographs of USS Saratoga (photo numbers 471-476)
    Three oversized photographs (ca. 1948) featuring views of East Carolina Teachers College in Greenville, North Carolina.

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Sensitive Materials Statement

Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection, without the consent of those individuals, may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which East Carolina University assumes no responsibility.

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Container List

  • Printed Materials
     

    • Box 1
       
      Assorted printed materials. Includes: A weekly account of the cost for the general mess on SARATOGA (1945), General court martials for photographer’s mate and seaman first class (1945), Congratulatory memorandum for photography work aboard the SARATOGA (1945), affidavit of an airman captured by the Japanese (1943-1945, 1946), form for Yorktown CV10 Reunion (1984), Twelve issues of the "Saratoga Log" (1992-1995), Two poems (undated), Japanese word and phrase list (undated), Map of SARATOGA's voyages (undated), cartoon drawing and a copy of a sketch of a battle at sea (undated), artist's rendition of SARATOGA under attack (undated), notes by Fields (undated).
      East Carolina Teachers College year book, the Tecoan, 1946
      East Carolina Teachers College year book, the Tecoan, 1948
      Photocopy of Sara: The Story of the U.S.S. Saratoga [CV-3] (part 1), undated
      Photocopy of Sara: The Story of the U.S.S. Saratoga [CV-3] (part 2), undated
  • Photographic Materials
     

    • Box 2
       
      Negatives with corresponding positive images. (For reference, see positive image descriptions.) Photo numbers 111-112, 119, 121-122, 124-126, 129-130, 132, 191, 233, 235, 242-243 248-249, 251-252, 254, 256, 258-259, 261, 263-264, 266, 268-272, 276, 278, 281, 329-330, 333- 336, 339-343, 357-359, 360-369, 394-416, 425-430, 432-447.
      Negatives without corresponding positive images. U.S. Navy Liberty, various seaman, Navy Photo School (photo numbers 373-378), unidentified woman (photo number 379), airplane crash (photo numbers 381-382), ship seaman (photo numbers 383-386), Camp Andrews (photo numbers 387-389), servicing a plane, band on flight deck, M.P. in lab, M.P. and Gilbert playing checkers (photo numbers 390-393), USS Saratoga ski party at Mt. Ranier (photo numbers 394-447, 1945), outdoor scene (photo number 448), man with camera (photo number 449), sailors boarding trolley photo number 450), Milton Fields with movie camera (photo number 451, 1944), harbor scene and unidentified people (photo numbers 453-466), harbor scene (photo numbers 467-468), round building (photo number 469), palm tree (photo number 470), East Carolina Teacher’s College (photo numbers 477-478, 1948).
    • Box 3
       
      Photographs. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz Nimitz, aerial shots of USS Saratoga (1943), Invasion of Engebi Island in Eniwetok atoll (1944), operations, post-bombing, airfield off Garutu and Tanambogo Islands, US forced landing on Florida Island, Makambo Island, Tulagi, (1942), newspaper headlines and story documenting Japanese attack on the USS Saratoga and its arrival back to San Francisco (1945), cleaned turkeys for Thanksgiving dinner aboard the USS Saratoga (photo numbers 1-53)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga birthday party, USO Photographs, entertainment, life aboard the ship, Corsair crashing into ocean (practice flights), Hellcat accident on ship (photo numbers 54-118)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga ski party at Mt. Ranier (photo numbers 119-133, 1945)
      Photographs. Hawaii, landing signalman bringing in plane, USS Saratoga at end of war, “Operation Magic Carpet” arrival at San Francisco (photo numbers 134-149, 1945)
      Photographs. First hit (Kamikaze) on USS Saratoga during Battle of Iwo Jima, (photo numbers 150-176, February 21, 1945), funeral service for men killed during first Kamikaze attack (photo number 177)
      Photographs. U.S. warplanes taking off and landing on USS Saratoga, includes “barrier crash of TBF-1”, life raft (photo numbers 178-190), shipboard scene (photo number 191) score of damage by airplanes on Japanese targets (photo number 192), warplane on ship deck (photo number193)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga aerial views sea plane tender (photo numbers 194-196), USS Hammondsport (photo numbers 197-198, July 1942), HMS Victorious (launching aircraft) (photo numbers 199-209), Destroyer Escort DE-407 USS Shelton (photo number 210), Destroyer DE 447 USS Albert T. Harris (photo number 211), USS Greenwood (photo number 212), light carrier (photo number 213), USS North Carolina (photo number 214, August 1943), Cruiser USS San Diego (photo number 215, June 1943), tanker (photo numbers 216-217 ), Japanese warship (photo number 218), unidentified ship (photo number 219)
      Photographs. Crew shown on deck of the USS Saratoga (photo numbers 220-221, October 1943), bugler on ship (photo numbers 222-223, July 1945), Chief in boiler room (photo number 224), Crew on deck of ship, probably photo crew (photo number 225), crew members cleaning side of ship (photo number 226), crew member servicing plane (photo number 227-228), USS Saratoga flight deck with airmen and planes (photo number 229, January 1945), aerial view of USS Saratoga showing crew and guns (photo number 230), crew member initiation (being hosed down) (photo number 231)
      Photographs, View from inside plane of John Rogers Field outside Honolulu (photo number 232), various view of Hawaii, including Waikiki Beach (photo numbers 233-237),
    • Box 4
       
      Wedding of prominent African American Greenville physician (photo numbers 238-240, 1948)
      Photographs. USS Saratoga crew on Mt. Ranier ski trip (photo numbers 241-280, 1945)
      Photographs. unidentified people (civilians, photo numbers 281-285), Hawaii (?) (photo numbers 286-289), scenes of Clinton, N.C. (photo numbers 290-295, 1947), various items, including a rope, Coke bottles, laundry on clothesline (photo numbers 296-299), crew in Navy photo lab (Goodman film, photo number 300), warplane in sky (photo number 301) construction workers (photo numbers 302-303), Navy crew working around ship (photo numbers 304-307), photographic print washer with lab crew (photo number 308), life raft (photo number 309), more scenes around Navy yard and docked ship, also crew with cameras (photo numbers 310-326)
      Photographs. staged, excited view of crewmember reaction to Japanese surrender (photo number 327), USS Lexington (?) (photo number 328), oiler (photo numbers 329-330), HMS Illustrations (?) (photo number 331), various scenes of crewmen onboard and off ship (photo numbers 332-348), skiing scene (photo number 349), various scenes of crewmen and ski photo (photo numbers 350-355), various shots of warplanes sinking into water when practicing landing on ship (photo numbers 356-372)
      Photographs. Navy General Office, two ship crews, ships unnamed, with names of crew members on back, two aerial photographs of USS Saratoga (photo numbers 471-476)
    Three oversized photographs (ca. 1948) featuring views of East Carolina Teachers College in Greenville, North Carolina.


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