Princeville, founded in 1865, is the oldest town in the United States incorporated by African Americans. The flooding that followed Hurricane Floyd in 1999 destroyed the town. The was not the first time the town had experienced flooding, but it was the first time that national attention was turned on this small, rural community. Princeville was acknowledged as a place of great historical culture and significance. Refusing a FEMA buyout of their damaged or destroyed homes, the citizens chose to remain and rebuild their community.