In colonial North Carolina over 90 percent of the colonists got their livelihoods from the land. However, they faced problems modern farmers do not. Colonists had no heavy machinery for plowing and clearing the land. There were no fertilizers and pesticides. Wild animals devoured crops. There were no weather forecasters. Still they persevered, raising enough crops and animals to feed themselves and others and producing enough farm and timber products for export to England and the West Indies.