Articles in regional publications that pertain to a wide range of North Carolina-related topics.
for Brook trout--Great Smoky Mountains National Park
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The brook trout is the state's only native mountain trout. The rainbow and brown trout are introduced species. The brook trout prefers fast-flowing mountains streams with an average water temperature of about fifty degrees. At one time brook trout were abundant in larger mountain streams, but the intrusion of farming and logging has driven the trout out. Now the only suitable natural habitat for brook trout is in the smallest streams found at higher elevations. Cornell discusses the brook trout's life history and its importance as a game fish.
To save the brook trout in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the National Park Service banned fishing for it in 1978. The brook trout is the only trout native to the Eastern United States. Foushee discusses how the trout became an endangered species and the work of Steve Moore and others to preserve it.
The speckled trout, North Carolina's only native mountain trout, is now recognized by scientists as the Southern Appalachian strain of brook trout. The current distribution of this trout is greatly reduced from the period of the state's early settlers. Because of this, the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission has started a project to locate and identify all the speckled brook trout that remain in the state. DNA testing helps scientists differentiate between the native speckled trout and non-natives.