Gilbert Smith Galbraith Notebook, November 21, 1894 - February 28, 1896

Manuscript Collection #1172

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Gilbert Smith Galbraith Notebook
    Creator: Galbraith, Gilbert Smith
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract:
    Extent: 0.25 Cubic feet, 1 item ,
  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    USS COLUMBIA (Cruiser # 12; or CA-16), was the fourth ship to bear the name in the U. S. Navy. She served in the Navy from 1894-1922. USS COLUMBIA was a 7,375-ton protected cruiser built at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Navy commissioned her in April 1894. Her early service was in the Atlantic and Caribbean, with a voyage to Europe in mid-1895 for the ceremonies opening the Kiel Canal. COLUMBIA was lying "in ordinary" at the Philadelphia Navy Yard in May 1897 but the Navy recommissioned her, in March 1898, when war with Spain seemed likely. During the Spanish-American War, COLUMBIA operated along the U.S. East Coast and in the West Indies. When the war ended, in August 1898, she continued to patrol the U. S. East Coast and the West Indies until the end of March 1899 when the Navy took her out of commission again.

    COLUMBIA's very powerful engines made her expensive to operate. As a result she did not see much service during 1900-1915. She served as a receiving ship at New York in 1902-03 and had active service with the Atlantic Training Squadron from November 1903 until May 1907. However, in June 1915, after eight years in reserve, the Navy recommissioned COLUMBIA to become flagship of the Atlantic Fleet's submarines.

    When the U.S. entered World War I, in April 1917, COLUMBIA initially patrolled off Delaware Bay but, in July, the Navy assigned her to convoy escort duty. She played that role for the rest of the war, protecting the troopships that carried America's army across the Atlantic to France. For some months, in 1919, COLUMBIA served as a destroyer force flagship. She remained active in the Western Atlantic, Caribbean and along the Pacific Coast until late June 1921, when the Navy decommissioned her for the last time. The Navy reclassified COLUMBIA as CA-16 in July 1920, while she remained operational, and renamed her OLD COLUMBIA in November 1921, when she was laid up. The Navy sold her for scrap in January 1922.

    Source: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. (1963) Vol. 2, p.147.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    September 3, 2010, (unprocessed) 1 item, 0.25 cubic feet; Notebook (21 November 1894 - 28 February 1896) compiled by Ohio-born naval cadet Gilbert Smith Galbraith, a member of the U. S. Naval Academy Class of 1894, while serving aboard the USS COLUMBIA, including descriptions, diagrams, blueprints, scale plans, maps, photographic prints & cyanotypes, ephemera, etc. of the ship & its equipment; also including diary entries recording the movements of the ship, including accounts of a November 1894 cruise to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; of the wreck & stranding of the USS KEARSAGE; of the COLUMBIA’s participation in the opening of Germany’s Kiel Canal in June 1895; also a map of the Mosquito Coast of Nicaragua, etc. English & German language materials. Purchased. 1 Box. 1 vol. 103 p. (ca. 0.25 cubic feet) Recd. 7/2/2010. Note: Galbraith was born on 18 April 1872; he retired from the Navy on 18 August 1922 with the rank of commander; he died 23 August 1931. Purchased from Carmen D. Valentino Rare Books and Manuscripts, Philadelphia, PA with Special Manuscript Funds money. Donor: Purchased from Carmen D. Valentino Rare Books and Manuscripts, Philadelphia, PA

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of Purchased from Carmen D. Valentino Rare Books and Manuscripts, Philadelphia, PA

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Gilbert Smith Galbraith Notebook (#1172), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Encoded by Jonathan Dembo, September 03, 2010

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