Orville & Wilbur Wright Collection, 1899, 1908, 2003-2004

Manuscript Collection #931

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Orville & Wilbur Wright Collection
    Creator: Wright, Orville, 1871-1948
    Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Collection (1899-2004) of printed materials compiled for the centennial of the Orville & Wilbur Wright's first flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina; including an article written by the Wright brothers on their flight experiments with various airplanes coupled with printed copies of photographs and a printed reproduction of the article; also copies of Monthly Weather Review magazines from August-September 1899; and a copy of the North Carolina Literary Review dedicated to commemorating the centennial of the first flight complete with poetry and interviews; also two calendars illustrated with images of the Wright brothers flight experiments.
    Extent: 0.32 Cubic feet, 1 archival box & 1 oversized folder; 7 items, Clippings, photocopies, periodicals, calendars
  • Description
     

    The Orville and Wilbur Wright Collection is arranged in original order. The collection contains a clipping from and article by the Wright Brothers entitled "The Wright Brothers' Aeroplane" from The American Century magazine (September 1908) that details the first flight experiments of the Wright brothers in Kitty Hawk, NC and Dayton, OH. The clipping includes printed photographs contributed by the authors that demonstrate their trials using the first self-propelled aeroplane [airplane] designed by the Wright brothers; a photocopy of the article is also included. The collection also includes two issues of the U. S. Weather Bureau's Monthly Weather Review (August and September 1899); The issues include weather tables, charts, and maps of weather trends and patterns as well as charts cataloguing wind speeds and direction. It was information such as this that convinced the Wright Brothers to conduct their experiments at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

    The collection also includes a book commemorating the 100th anniversary of the first flight of the Wright brothers published by the North Carolina Literary Review in 2003. The volume includes literature, letters, interviews, and poetry describing the Wright brothers’ efforts in 1903.

    In addition, the collection includes two copies of a commemorative calendar produced by East Carolina University, including images of the Wright brothers’ flight trials at Kitty Hawk, and featured in an exhibit entitled Wright Brothers Centennial Digital Exhibit, Joyner Library, East Carolina University.

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    The Wright brothers – Wilbur and Orville Wright -- were the first to accomplish self-propelled mechanical flight. They were able to do so by experimenting with various glider designs and then designing a gasoline powered airplane and demonstrating its capabilities. Originally from Dayton, Ohio, the Wright brothers needed a location with more reliable wind conditions to test their airplanes. They researched various locations before settling on the windy beach of Kill Devil Hill, on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. They began their researches there, in 1899 and continued to return to the site for the next decade. They achieved their first powered flight in December 1903.

    On the centennial of the Wright Brothers' first flight, in 2003-2004, North Carolina's First Flight Commission, sponsored numerous events and publications to celebrate that great accomplishment. A variety of of institutions and individuals supported the centennial celebrations. Some of these contributions are recognized in this collection.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    August 15, 2003, 2 items, 0.003 cubic feet; The Wright Brothers' Aëroplane, by Orville & Wilbur Wright, with pictures from photographs supplied by the authors, clipping from "The Century Magazine," Vol. 76, no. 5 (September 1908), pp. 641-650; and photocopy reproduction. Printed & photocopied materials. Donor: Jonathan Dembo.

    February 4, 2004, (addition 1) 2 items, 0.035 cubic feet; Monthly Weather Review issues (August - September 1899) edited by Prof. Cleveland Abbe, vol. XXVII, nos. 8-9 (W. B. nos. 207, 210), pp. 343-393, 395-448, and charts. (Washington, DC: Weather Bureau, 20 October, 17 November 1899) that convinced the Wright brothers to choose Kitty Hawk for their flying experiments. Donor: Friends of J.Y. Joyner Library.

    February 23, 2004, (addition 2) 1 item, 0.07 cubic feet; Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the First Flight: Aviation in North Carolina Literature and Letters: Interviews with Clyde Edgerton and Tim McLaurin; also, poetry by James Applewhite and Elizabeth Spencer on Look Homeward, Angel, North Carolina Literary Review, Margaret D. Bauer, editor, No. 12 (© 2003 NCLR), pp. 7-78. 1 vol. 202 p. Donor: North Carolina Literary Review.

    August 30, 2004, (addition 3) 2 items, 0.025 cubic feet; Calendar (December 2003 - December 2004) entitled Hidden Images from the Wright Brothers' Photographs: Kitty Hawk, NC 1900-1911 Celebrating the Wright Brothers Centennial; Images selected and annotated by Dr. Larry Tise, Wilbur and Orville Wright Visiting Distinguished Professor of History at East Carolina University from the Wright Brothers Centennial Digital Exhibit, Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC. Donor: Jonathan Dembo.

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of the Friends of J.Y. Joyner Library
    Gift of the Margaret D. Bauer, editor, North Carolina Literary Review
    Gift of Jonathan Dembo

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Orville & Wilbur Wright Collection (#931), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Encoded by Mark Custer, March 26, 2008; Processing, inventory and finding aid by Alissa Liggett, May 5, 2011; Finding aid revised by Jonathan Dembo, June 26, 2012; Encoded by Jonathan Dembo, June 26, 2012; Encoding revised by Jonathan Dembo, July 23, 2012.

Container List

Calendar (December 2003–December 2004) entitled Hidden Images from the Wright Brothers’ Photographs: Kitty Hawk, N.C., 1900–1911 Celebrating the Wright Brothers Centennial. Images selected and annotated by Dr. Larry Tise, Wilbur and Orville Wright Visiting Distinguished Professor of History at East Carolina University from the Wright Brothers Centennial Digital Exhibit, Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina. 2 items, 30 p. Note: Images taken by Orville and Wilbur Wright of their flight trials and life in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, and supporters of the Wright brothers in Kitty Hawk, N.C.; used with permission from the Library of Congress and Wright State University.

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Container List

Calendar (December 2003–December 2004) entitled Hidden Images from the Wright Brothers’ Photographs: Kitty Hawk, N.C., 1900–1911 Celebrating the Wright Brothers Centennial. Images selected and annotated by Dr. Larry Tise, Wilbur and Orville Wright Visiting Distinguished Professor of History at East Carolina University from the Wright Brothers Centennial Digital Exhibit, Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina. 2 items, 30 p. Note: Images taken by Orville and Wilbur Wright of their flight trials and life in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, and supporters of the Wright brothers in Kitty Hawk, N.C.; used with permission from the Library of Congress and Wright State University.


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