This collection consists of documents pertaining to the history (1931-1945) of the heavy cruiser USS
PORTLAND (CA-33). A pre-World War II document contains information on the ship's construction, armament, its shakedown cruise, involvement in search and rescue operations concerning the airship
AKRON, and the ship's use as an escort for the heavy cruiser USS
HOUSTON (CA-30) that carried President Franklin D. Roosevelt during a vacation (1935).
World War II-related information contains an official war diary that documents
PORTLAND' s participation in numerous engagements and operations (1941-1945). Included are details during actions in the Coral Sea (May, 1942); Midway (June, 1942); Guadalcanal (August & November, 1942); Santa Cruz Islands (October, 1942); Gilbert Islands (November, 1943); Marshall Islands (December, 1943-March, 1944); Carolina Islands (March-September, 1944); Leyte (October-November, 1944); Luzon (December, 1944-February, 1945); and Okinawa Shima (March-April, 1945). Specific information concerning battle damage suffered by the
PORTLAND during the third savo at Guadalcanal is included, particularly its jammed turret that forced the cruiser to steam in circles while continuing to fight and damage control measures used to keep the ship functional (November, 1942). Other U.S. naval vessels are mentioned in the war diary and include heavy cruisers USS
COLUMBIA (CA-74) and USS
LOUISVILLE (CA-28); aircraft carriers USS
ENTERPRISE (CV-6), USS
LEXINGTON (CV-2), and USS
YORKTOWN (CV-5); and battleship USS
MARYLAND (BB-46). Also detailed are Japanese kamikaze raids (November, 1944; January and April, 1945) and submarine and midget submarine attacks (October, 1942; March, 1945).
Other records include an account of the Japanese surrender of the Carolina Islands at Truk on board the
PORTLAND (September 2, 1945); lists of the
PORTLAND' s achievements in sinking or damaging enemy ships and shooting down enemy aircraft; a description of the vessel's outstanding performances in battle; and a synopsis of the
PORTLAND' s war-time actions that mentions its battle stars. Four photographs of Japanese officers during the Caroline surrender and one holiday greeting card depicting the
PORTLAND finish the collection.