Pemberton Southard Papers, 1942-1944

Manuscript Collection #551

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: Pemberton Southard Papers
    Creator: Southard, Pemberton, b. 1918
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Papers (1942-1945) of a U.S. Naval officer, USNA Class of 1941, consisting of Battle of Vella Gulf battle reports (1943), a history of the USS Lang (DD-399), USS Lang action reports (Feb. 1942-April 1944), naval communiques relating to USS Lang (1942-1944), and after-action reports for the battles of Vella Gulf, Guadalcanal, Wewak, (New Guinea), Morotai, Leyte Gulf, Okinawa, Lingayen Gulf, and other Pacific Ocean operations in which the USS Lang participated (1942-1945)
    Extent: 0.037 Cubic feet, 16 items , consisting of action reports, reminiscences, ship's histories, and a biographical sketch
  • Description
     

    The collection consists of official Navy action reports of the USS LANG (February 1, 1942-April 4, 1944), three accounts of the Battle of Vella Gulf in the Solomon Islands, a history of the LANG, and a biographical sketch of Southard. The reports detail the LANG'S participation in various operations and include information on casualties, damage, other ships involved, analysis of the LANG'S performance, commendations, and lessons learned from the engagements. Discussed are the search and rescue of survivors in the Atlantic Theatre from the torpedoed British freighter SS EMPIRE WILDEBEESTE in cooperation with oiler USS SAPELO (AO-11, February 1, 1942); actions during shore bombardments on Guadalcanal (February 3, 1943), Nauru Island (December 10, 1943), and the Caroline Islands (January 31, 1944); surface and anti-aircraft engagements in the Vella Gulf and Georgia Island in the Solomon Islands (July 27, August 1, 15-16, 1943); landings on Makin in the Gilbert Islands (November 30, 1943); and anti-submarine actions (April 4, 1944).

    The collection also includes three descriptions of the Battle of Vella Gulf (August 6-7, 9-10, 1943) consisting of an official Navy narrative detailing the battle plan, a chronological log of the battle, actions of all the destroyers involved, diagrams of the battle, and comments on enemy forces; a reminiscence that lists American and Japanese destroyers involved; and a typescript newspaper account of the action by an international news correspondent (August 10, 1943).

    Also included in the collection are two histories of the LANG and biographical information concerning Southard.

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    Captain Pemberton Southard was born in Augusta, ME (February 4, 1918), and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA) in 1941. During World War II, Southard served on the destroyers USS LANG (DD-399) and USS MYLES C. FOX (DD-829), and after the war, the destroyer minesweeper USS DORAN (DMS-41), the attack cargo ship USS VERMILION (AKA-107), the radar picket destroyer USS TURNER (DDR-834), and the destroyer tender USS GRAND CANYON (AD-28). Southard also held many administrative positions with the Bureau of Naval Personnel; Amphibious Group Two; the Naval War College; the Naval Station in Key West, FL; the NROTC Unit of Princeton University; the Fleet Training Group in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; the First Naval District; and the Fleet Training Group and Center in Newport, RI. Southard was awarded several medals, including the Silver Star for his conduct for the Vella Gulf Night Action.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    February 9, 1988, 5 items; Papers of Naval officer, USNA Class of 1941, consisting of battle reports on the Battle of Vella Gulf (1943) and a history of the USS LANG.

    May 14, 1996, (unprocessed addition 1), 74 pages; Action report (Feb. 1942-Apr. 1944) for USS LANG (DD-399). Gift of Capt. Pemberton Southard, USN (Ret) of Beaufort, SC.

    May 8, 2001 (unprocessed addition 2), Naval Communiques (1942-1944) concerning U.S.S. LANG (DD-399) and copies of after-action reports for battles of Vella Gulf, Guadalcanal, Wewak (New Guinea), Morotai, Leyte Gulf, Okinawa, Lingayen Gulf, and other World War II Pacific operations in which the LANG participated. Donor: Southard, Pemberton

    October 24, 2001 (unprocessed addition 3), 14 items; Papers, 1943-2001, including communications to and from the U.S.S. LANG DD-399, (18 July – 30 November 1943) during and after the battle of Vera Gulf (8 p., carbon typescript); Battle of Vella Gulf report (10 August 1943) excerpted from a Springfield, Mass. Newspaper (1 p., mimeograph typescript); Silver Star Medal Award Citation (undated) by W. F. Halsey, Admiral, U.S. Navy, to Lt. Pemberton Southard for actions during the battle of Vella Gulf 6-7 August 1943 (1 p., carbon typescript); Letter (12 May 2001) from S. Michael (Mike) Mania, BMSN, 1st Division, who served under Capt. Southard aboard the U.S.S. TURNER DD/DDR 834 (1953 – 1954), containing an account of Southard’ s leadership style (4 p., typescript). Donor: Southard, Pemberton, USN (RET), (Capt.)

    May 17, 2002 (unprocessed addition 4), Papers (1937-1970) of a U.S. Naval Officer, USNA Class of 1941, consisting of six manuscript items, 1941-1957, including correspondence, reports, and copies of naval log and 24 published works, 1937-1970, including periodicals, pamphlets, and books, primarily on naval and military history. Donor: Southard, Pemberton, USN (RET), (Capt.)

    June 25, 2002 (unprocessed addition 5), Papers (1946-1959) of a U.S. Naval Officer, USNA Class of 1941, including manuscripts, photographs, and printed materials concerning the Destroyer Escort Radar (DER) Picket, NORAD, and the North Atlantic Barrier. DONOR: Southard, Pemberton, USN (RET), (Capt.)

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of Southard, Pemberton, USN (RET), (Capt.)

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    Pemberton Southard Papers (#551), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processed by K. Romer, April 1996

    Encoded by Apex Data Services


Preliminary Inventory

Below is material taken from a preliminary inventory and represents content from the collection that is unprocessed.

  • Box 1
     
    Action Reports: Battle of Vella Gulf; USS LANG ship's histories; biographical information on Pemberton Southard
    USS LANG (DD-399) Action Reports (February 1942-April 1944)
    USS LANG (DD-399) Action Reports (September-December 1944)
    USS LANG Action Reports (January 1945; March-June 1945)
    Papers, 1943-2001, including communications to and from the U. S. S. Lang, DD-399, (18 July - 30 November 1943) during and after the Battle of Vella Gulf (8 p., carbon typescript); Battle of Vella Gulf report (10 August 1943) excerpted from a Springfield, Mass. newspaper (1 p., mimeograph typescript); Silver Star Medal Award Citation (n.d.) by W. F. Halsey, Admiral, U. S. Navy, to Lt. Pemberton Southard for actions during the Battle of Vella Gulf 6-7 August 1943 (1 p., carbon typescript); Letter (12 May 2001) from S. Michael (Mike) Mania, BMSN, 1st Division, who served under Capt. Southard aboard the U. S. S. Turner, DD/DDR 834 (1953-1954), containing an account of Southard's leadership style (4 p., typescript). 14 p. (0.005 cubic feet)
  • Box 2
     
    All Hands, by John A. Oudine; published by The Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1966, 64 pages
    All Hands; published by The Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1946, 52 pages
    Journal of the European Cruise, by Captain R.L. Morris; published by USS Mount Olympus AGC-8. 1952, 78 pages
    Mediterranean Cruise 1948; 32 pages
    Reef Points 1937-1938, by Carl Redmond Dwyer; published by United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1937, 192 pages
    Reef Points 1939-40, by Jay Noble; published by United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1939, 194 pages
    Reef Points 1940-1941, by Stuart C. Jones; published by United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1940, 200 pages
    Regulations Governing the Admission of Candidates into the United States Naval Academy; published by U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1935, 83 pages
    Road to Rome, by Headquarters Fifth Army; published by Headquarters Fifth Army. Undated, 56 pages
    The America's Cup 1970, by E. Wesley Oliver, Jr.; published by Palmer & Oliver, Inc., Woodside, N.Y. 1970, 47 pages
    The Drags Handbook of the U.S. Naval Academy, by Cary Hall; published by The Log, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1940, 39 pages
    The Log: Graduation Issue (1/31/1941), by E.E. Kintner; published by Fleet-McGinley, Inc., Candler Bldg., Baltimore, MD. 1941, 36 pages
    The Old Navy 1776-1860; published by National Archives Trust Fund Board, Washington, D.C. 1962, 56 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 7/25/1945, 24 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/1/1945, 37 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/8/1945, 12 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/15/1945, 36 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/22/1945, 140 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/29/1945, 56 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/5/1945, 56 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/12/1945, 70 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/19/1945, 44 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/26/1945, 36 pages
    Turner DDR 834, by John B. Peterson; 1953, 48 pages
  • Box 3
     
    Department of Navy, by T.L. Sprague. Aug-48-June-49, 17 pages
    Log Book of the USS LANG (399). Mar-41-Feb-42, 550 pages
  • Box 4
     
    Log Book of the USS LANG (399). Mar-42-Nov-42, 439 pages
  • Box 6
     
    Destroyer Escort Radar Picket (DER): The DER, It's Mission, and Briefly How the Barrier Works, 2 p. [1959]
    Destroyer Escort Radar (DER) Picket Operations & Clippings, 2 p. 3/4/1959 3/17/1959 n.d.
    Destroyer Escort Radar (DER) Picket Photographs, 7 items. 1958 - 1959
    NORAD Radar Defense of North America, Reprinted from Time Magazine, 6 p. 11/25/1957
    The North Atlantic Barrier, by Capt. P. Southard & draft version, 14 p. 1959
    Classmate 1941, Vol. I, Publication of the U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1941, 24 p. 2/7/1946
    The Earlybird, Copmbarlant Newsletter No. 24, including a biographical article on Capt. P. Southard (p. 11), 18 p. May-1959
    U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1941 Fifteenth Anniversary Directory and Newsletter, 40 p. 1956

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Preliminary Inventory

  • Box 1
     
    Action Reports: Battle of Vella Gulf; USS LANG ship's histories; biographical information on Pemberton Southard
    USS LANG (DD-399) Action Reports (February 1942-April 1944)
    USS LANG (DD-399) Action Reports (September-December 1944)
    USS LANG Action Reports (January 1945; March-June 1945)
    Papers, 1943-2001, including communications to and from the U. S. S. Lang, DD-399, (18 July - 30 November 1943) during and after the Battle of Vella Gulf (8 p., carbon typescript); Battle of Vella Gulf report (10 August 1943) excerpted from a Springfield, Mass. newspaper (1 p., mimeograph typescript); Silver Star Medal Award Citation (n.d.) by W. F. Halsey, Admiral, U. S. Navy, to Lt. Pemberton Southard for actions during the Battle of Vella Gulf 6-7 August 1943 (1 p., carbon typescript); Letter (12 May 2001) from S. Michael (Mike) Mania, BMSN, 1st Division, who served under Capt. Southard aboard the U. S. S. Turner, DD/DDR 834 (1953-1954), containing an account of Southard's leadership style (4 p., typescript). 14 p. (0.005 cubic feet)
  • Box 2
     
    All Hands, by John A. Oudine; published by The Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1966, 64 pages
    All Hands; published by The Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1946, 52 pages
    Journal of the European Cruise, by Captain R.L. Morris; published by USS Mount Olympus AGC-8. 1952, 78 pages
    Mediterranean Cruise 1948; 32 pages
    Reef Points 1937-1938, by Carl Redmond Dwyer; published by United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1937, 192 pages
    Reef Points 1939-40, by Jay Noble; published by United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1939, 194 pages
    Reef Points 1940-1941, by Stuart C. Jones; published by United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1940, 200 pages
    Regulations Governing the Admission of Candidates into the United States Naval Academy; published by U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1935, 83 pages
    Road to Rome, by Headquarters Fifth Army; published by Headquarters Fifth Army. Undated, 56 pages
    The America's Cup 1970, by E. Wesley Oliver, Jr.; published by Palmer & Oliver, Inc., Woodside, N.Y. 1970, 47 pages
    The Drags Handbook of the U.S. Naval Academy, by Cary Hall; published by The Log, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1940, 39 pages
    The Log: Graduation Issue (1/31/1941), by E.E. Kintner; published by Fleet-McGinley, Inc., Candler Bldg., Baltimore, MD. 1941, 36 pages
    The Old Navy 1776-1860; published by National Archives Trust Fund Board, Washington, D.C. 1962, 56 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 7/25/1945, 24 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/1/1945, 37 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/8/1945, 12 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/15/1945, 36 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/22/1945, 140 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 8/29/1945, 56 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/5/1945, 56 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/12/1945, 70 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/19/1945, 44 pages
    The O.N.I. Weekly; published by The Navy Department. 9/26/1945, 36 pages
    Turner DDR 834, by John B. Peterson; 1953, 48 pages
  • Box 3
     
    Department of Navy, by T.L. Sprague. Aug-48-June-49, 17 pages
    Log Book of the USS LANG (399). Mar-41-Feb-42, 550 pages
  • Box 4
     
    Log Book of the USS LANG (399). Mar-42-Nov-42, 439 pages
  • Box 6
     
    Destroyer Escort Radar Picket (DER): The DER, It's Mission, and Briefly How the Barrier Works, 2 p. [1959]
    Destroyer Escort Radar (DER) Picket Operations & Clippings, 2 p. 3/4/1959 3/17/1959 n.d.
    Destroyer Escort Radar (DER) Picket Photographs, 7 items. 1958 - 1959
    NORAD Radar Defense of North America, Reprinted from Time Magazine, 6 p. 11/25/1957
    The North Atlantic Barrier, by Capt. P. Southard & draft version, 14 p. 1959
    Classmate 1941, Vol. I, Publication of the U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1941, 24 p. 2/7/1946
    The Earlybird, Copmbarlant Newsletter No. 24, including a biographical article on Capt. P. Southard (p. 11), 18 p. May-1959
    U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1941 Fifteenth Anniversary Directory and Newsletter, 40 p. 1956

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