S. R. Fowle & Son Company Records, 1783-1956

Manuscript Collection #460

  • Descriptive Summary
     
    Title: S. R. Fowle & Son Company Records
    Creator: S. R. Fowle & Son Company
    Repository: ECU Manuscript Collection
    Language: English
    Abstract: Records (1783-1956) including correspondence, ledgers, financial records, legal records, clippings, photographs, publications.
    Extent: 37.7 Cubic feet, 5250 items , 5,250 items, consisting of correspondence, ledgers, financial records, legal records, clippings, photographs, and publications.
  • Description
     

    While there is some correspondence and a number of ledgers from the era of the elder S. R. Fowle, the major portion of the collection focuses on the business activities and family of S. R. Fowle II.

    The major portion of the collection is concerned with the Fowle family business interests. An early ledger (1797-1801) for an antecedent firm indicates the beginning of a long-time interest in general merchandise and timber. Flour, clothing, farm supplies, tobacco, pork, rails, material, and tools were regularly bought and sold through the general store (1797-1942). Business correspondence from the 1900s through the 1930s indicates a continuing expansion and development of the inventory. By the 1920s, the Fowle logo advertised "sash, doors, blinds, and building materials." Fowle and Son Company served as a comprehensive retail outlet in that they marketed their own timber and farm products through the store and at the same time sold food, clothing, equipment, and other merchandise purchased from various companies.

    Timber was a major concern throughout the Fowle business activities. Timber deeds exist for the period 1886-1920. An early daybook records timber inspections (1850-1854) and notes tree type, sizes, amounts, number of stocks, price, and seller. A shipping invoice book shows that logs were transported during 1880. Prices are given in both invoice books and ledgers as well as rate sheets from a number of lumber companies. The family also owned a sawmill in the county. Mill and timber ledgers (1878-1915) provide the name of the schooner, destination, date, load, cost, and the name of the purchaser. Some ledgers include mill accounts with the Fowle store while others note contracts with an estimate of standing timber, payroll, supplies, log sizes, amount rafted, stump size, and summaries (1896-1898) of expenses for cutting, hauling, and rafting. One ledger (1900) notes logs and planks bought for the Blounts Creek Road and another (1910-1917) lists activity involving the Bear Creek Road. A considerable amount of the business correspondence is concerned with all aspects of the lumber trade. Mill equipment and engines (1914), rights of way (1914), loading of barges with lumber from the mill, a claim of illegal cutting (1909), prices and market conditions, the difficulty of securing barges (1916), the use of locomotives at the mill (1911-1913), a reciprocity treaty with Canada (1911), the purchase of land for timber rights, and timber disputes are all areas of concern. The production and marketing of naval stores, i.e., tar and turpentine, are noted in financial records from 1840 through 1901.

    From the mid 1830s through the end of the century, the Fowle businesses in Beaufort County were engaged in a shipping enterprise with the major market areas along the East Coast and in the West Indies. Schooners were the main vessel used in the early period and ledgers reflect their provisioning between 1835 and 1887. A logbook (1849-1850) for the brig EDWARD TILLETT gives weather, latitude and longitude, remarks, and destination for trips between Washington, N.C., and the West Indies, New York, Barbados, Martinique, St. Thomas, Puerto Rico, Philadelphia, Boston, and Guadeloupe. Towards the end of the century, steamers and barges are noted much more frequently.

    Most of the timber coming from the mill at the end of the century was shipped by tug, barge, or steamer. Towing records for 1915-1916 provide the name of the tug and the amount towed. The location of Washington, N.C., and the relationship of water transportation to the development of commerce there led to an interest in the creation and improvement of canals. Monthly statistics are given for 1910 and 1911 for the Lake Drummond Canal (Dismal Swamp), which connects the Albemarle Sound and the Chesapeake Bay, noting the number of vessels through the canal and the time they took to make the trip. Destinations north and south are also indicated. Maps on the verso side of the correspondence from the canal and water company show the progress on the development of this route.

    Agriculture was also a major focus for the Fowles who owned farmland in Beaufort County and rented land to tenants. Land records exist for 1783 through 1947.Cotton and tobacco were the primary crops. Correspondence with commission merchants (1912-1920) discusses the cotton situation. Tobacco warehouse sales are included from the early 1930s through the 1940s. Warehouses were discussed in 1913 and tobacco is a regular daybook entry. Agriculture financial records detail the basic expenses and the operation of Clifton Farm (1935-1939), Wildwood Farm (1920-1925), and Morgan Farm (1924-1925). Other farm records note tenant purchases, crop allowances (1946), insurance for tenant dwellings (1940), soil conservation (1937), miscellaneous tenant expenses (1920s), and acres per crop (undated drawing). Farm ledgers provide information from 1830 through 1947.

    Economic conditions in Beaufort County (1913-1934) were discussed in correspondence and are inferred through price lists and sales records of the Fowle store. Among the economic issues discussed are the decline in timber prices (1914-1915), bank failures (1934), family finances (1934), and family rental properties.

    W. M. Orr, son-in-law of S. R. Fowle II, was a distributor for the Indian Refining Company during 1920-1922. Records reflect his marketing of petroleum products in the eastern part of the state, distribution of these products to mills, and the sale of gas, kerosene, lubricating oil, and grease. The records also indicate a difficult relationship between Orr and the parent company due to wide differences in accounting practices and discrepancies in the accounts at both ends.

    Storms and fires were a fairly regular problem for the farms and the mill (1913, 1914, 1916). References in the collection concern storm damage (1913) including uprooted trees, an overturned windmill, houses blown apart, flattened crops, a flooded store, substantial damage to merchandise in the warehouse, and lost lumber at the mill. Other disasters reported in the records include the sinking of the Orion (1914) with a full cargo, and the burning of standing timber (1913). A damage estimate by L. E. Everett and correspondence with Ward and Grimes indicate the cause of the fire was connected to railroad cars in the mill area. Correspondence with the locomotive companies discusses anthracite as a safer engine fuel than wood or soft coal. Crops were not immune from damage either and it was noted that a worm damaged an alfalfa crop in 1920.

    Land was central to the Fowle farming and timber interests. The firm of Ward and Grimes conducted much of the family's legal business and materials in the collection pertain to the preparation of timber deeds, negotiation of rights of way to clear timber, and the problems of illegal or wrongful cutting (1909).

    James L. Fowle, son of S. R. Fowle II, attended Randolph Macon Academy in 1911 and then Davidson College. Robert Fowle and S. R. Fowle III also attended Davidson. Correspondence from college concerns the Glee Club, Kappa Alpha Fraternitypledges, the YMCA (1914-1918), the Student Friendship War Fund (1917-1918), race relations in the South (1918), and missionary preparation at Vanderbilt University (1918). A notebook on Y activities includes mention of the Y's purpose, an article on prisoners of war, information on war fund campaigns, and a portion of a debate on internment of German nationals (1917). Davidson material also includes a church census with map for an area near Cornelius, N.C., and a list of KA alumnae in World War I and a history of the Sigma chapter.

    After graduation, James attended Union Theological Seminary in Richmond and writes home about his participation in church activities in Huntington, West Virginia (1920), and Sinks Grove and Milton, West Virginia (1922). As pastor of Central Presbyterian Church in St. Louis, Missouri (1923-1932), and later the First Presbyterian Church in Chattanooga, Tennessee (1933-), he describes his life and pastoral duties in letters to his family. He also discusses the reasons for changing churches in terms of religious growth and awareness to issues.

    World War I is discussed in the letters of S. R. Fowle III to his family. At an Army base in South Carolina (1918) he describes epidemics of measles and scarlet fever, joining the Military Police, the battle readiness of the camp, and studying for a commission.

    Both of the sons (Mac, Jr., and Lewis) of W. M. and Ethel Fowle Orr were in the Navy during World War II. Mac Orr, Jr., was in Washington, D.C., in an administrative capacity in 1942 and assigned in 1943 to the USS Raven. Letters from both brothers comment on the Canal Zone, the American settlement on the west side of the canal, and the possibility of a prisoner of war labor camp to help farmers in Fairfax, Virginia.

    Other family papers contain a variety of references to business, crime, politics, and education. Mining for feldspar in Lexington, N.C., is discussed (1916), as is the election for mayor in Washington (1909, 1911). Letters written in 1916 request support of the Wilson-Marshall presidential campaign and seek subscriptions for the construction of a three-room graded school in the county. A second school-related request (1920) seeks a subscription for playground equipment.

    Commentary on crime in the area concerns timber theft and/or illegal removal (1909), gun duels involving and the eventual death of one Baxter Shemwell (1922), a murder/suicide in Washington, and the sentence of young men for stealing tires (1922).

    A variety of papers belonging to Mary Payne Fowle, S. R. Fowle II's wife, reflects the life style and activities of an affluent wife and mother during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. A ledger volume converted into a journal (1892-1918) recordsthe impressions of a young mother in dealing with her children and the horror and emotional turmoil resulting from the drowning (1896) of her thirteen-year old son. Also recorded is the family's birth and death information. Correspondence (1904) documents her travels in western North Carolina seeking a healthier climate and hot springs treatment for another son. In 1921 she undertook a cruise to the Holy Land and her letters home describe her visits to Jerusalem, Calvary, Beirut, and Cairo. In addition, there are longer diary notes about the places on her tour and a number of photographs of the trip. Mrs. Fowle's activities in the Washington community are also documented. Speeches, writings, and correspondence document her leadership in women's clubs, the Presbyterian church, and various civic organizations. Her notebook (1881-1904) for the Ladies Benevolent Society details money paid to help the needy with rent, wood, provisions, and medicine. Also, materials on the United Daughters of the Confederacy document their support of needy veterans of the Civil War.

    An undated list of slaves owned by the Payne family in Virginia is included as is a description of a colored baptism (1909). A receipt and indenture for a black Missionary Baptist church (1894-1895) and correspondence with an AME church (1906-1908) concerning their balance of payments toward the Capehart Chapel in Washington reflect activities within the black community.

    Family and genealogical information is provided for both the Paine-Payne family of Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia, and the Fowle family. A clipping notes important people and events in the history of the Paine-Payne family. Estate records (1913-1919) for W. T. Payne of Lexington, N.C., reflect property owned by the family and its eventual disposal. Membership records for the Daughters of the American Revolution and the United Daughters of the Confederacy contain genealogical information for the Fowle family. Correspondence notes more recent portions of family history. Family correspondence (1902-1910) reflects family illnesses, medical expenses, trips to resorts and hot springs for treatment, and a visit to the mountain community around Turnpike, N.C. (Buncombe County). Family photographs also are included.

    An undated mimeographed letter describes opportunities in Sanford, N.C., and gives a street plan of the town on the verso side of the letter. Publications include a pamphlet on Washington, N.C., with photographs and city statistics (1941) and a Preliminary Report on Land Use in Albemarle-Pamlico Peninsula (1938). Other publications include a booklet on the Jamestown Exposition (1907), a booklet on camping in the Rockies and Yellowstone Park (1911), an issue of Confederate Veteran (1909), and a report on Adult Illiteracy in North Carolina and Plans for Its Elimination (1915).

    Oversize items include land plats, a photograph, blueprints of a single saw edger and a saw slab slasher (1904), deeds, and issues of The Davidsonian (1916-1918).

    For related material see Fowle Family Papers, Collection #MF. 29.

  • Biographical / Historical Note
     

    Samuel Richardson Fowle moved to Washington, N.C., with his wife Martha in 1815. The Fowle family operated a general store, later becoming involved in naval stores, timber, and shipping in Beaufort County. S. R. Fowle II (b. 1856), grandson of the company founder, married Mary Payne of Norfolk, Va., in 1881. He took over the family business and expanded it, operating a fleet of sailing ships in commerce to the West Indies.

  • Administrative Information
     
    Accessions Information

    November 15, 1982, 10 cu. ft. and 240 volumes; Records (1797-1939) of Washington, N.C., merchant and shipper (along with ledgers of prior firms), including correspondence, ledgers, daybooks, letterpress books, accounts, and other business records. Gift of Mr. S. R. Fowle and Mrs. Elizabeth Fowle Carter, Washington, N.C.

    June 11, 2003 (unprocessed addition 1.0), 148 items; Letter book (12/19/1846 - 7/28/1849) containing copies of business letters sent by S. R. [Samuel Richardson] Fowle, owner of a Washington, NC general store, with Naval stores, timber, and shipping interests, to his customers, suppliers and other business associates. Donor: Phillips, Robert L., M.D.

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of Mr. S. R. Fowle and Mrs. Elizabeth Fowle Carter
    Gift of Phillips, Robert L., M.D.

    Access Restrictions

    No restrictions

    Copyright Notice

    Literary rights to specific documents are retained by the authors or their descendants in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

    Preferred Citation

    S. R. Fowle & Son Company Records (#460), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

    Processing Information

    Processed by M. Boccaccio, May 1989

    Encoded by Apex Data Services

Container List

  • Correspondence: A-C
     
    Correspondence - A 1907-1911
    Correspondence - A 1912-1916
    Correspondence - A 1917-1946
    Correspondence - B 1908-1912
    Correspondence - B 1921-1931
    Correspondence - B 1913-1920
    Correspondence - C 1907-1909
  • Correspondence: C-D
     
    Correspondence - C 1910-1911
    Correspondence - C 1912-1913
    Correspondence - C 1914
    Correspondence - C 1915
    Correspondence - C 1916
    Correspondence - C 1917-1931
    Correspondence - D 1908-1930
  • Correspondence: E-H
     
    Correspondence - E 1882-1929
    Correspondence - F 1908-1912
    Correspondence - F 1913-1935
    Correspondence - G 1908-1930
    Correspondence - H 1901-1911
    Correspondence - H 1912-1914
  • Correspondence: H-L
     
    Correspondence - H 1915-1919
    Correspondence - H 1920
    Correspondence - H 1921-1931
    Correspondence - I 1908-1925
    Correspondence - J 1896-1915
    Correspondence - J 1916-1926
    Correspondence - K 1906-1930
    Correspondence - L 1908-1914
  • Correspondence: L-N
     
    Correspondence - L 1915-1925
    Correspondence - M 1890-1912
    Correspondence - M 1913-1915
    Correspondence - M 1916-1934
    Correspondence - N 1903-1912
    Correspondence - N 1913-1930
  • Correspondence: O-S
     
    Correspondence - O 1908-1925
    Correspondence - P 1902-1913
    Correspondence - P 1914-1930
    Correspondence - R 1907-1912
    Correspondence - R 1913-1941
    Correspondence - S 1904-1911
    Correspondence - S 1912-1914
  • Correspondence: S-W
     
    Correspondence - S 1915-1916
    Correspondence - S 1917-1920
    Correspondence - S 1921-1929
    Correspondence - T 1907-1913
    Correspondence - T 1914-1925
    Correspondence - T 1908-1923
    Correspondence - V 1911-1924
    Correspondence - W 1907-1911
  • Box 9
     
    Indian Refining Co. Correspondence, May-Aug. 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Correspondence, Sept. 1922-1923
    Indian Refining Co. Commission Statements, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. New Accounts, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Stock Statements, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Station Record, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Ads
    Personal Correspondence, 1908-1956
  • Box 11
     
    James L. Fowle Correspondence, Jan.-Aug. 1917
    James L. Fowle Correspondence, Sept.-Dec. 1917
    James L. Fowle Correspondence, 1918-1939
    NO FOLDER OR CHECKOUT SLIP
    James L. Fowle Davidson College Material, 1915-1918
    James L. Fowle Davidson College Speeches and Class Notes
Mary Payne Fowle Journal, 1893-1918
  • Mary Payne Fowle: DAR Material; U.D.C. Material; Ladies Benevolent Society Records, 1881-1904
     
    Mary Payne Fowle DAR Material
    Mary Payne Fowle UDC Material
    Mary Payne Fowle Ladie's Benevolent Society Records, 1881-1904
    Mary Payne Fowle Club Yearbooks
    Mary Payne Fowle Women's Club Material
    Mary Payne Fowle Speeches
    Mary Payne Fowle European Trip Material, 1921
    Mary Payne Fowle European Trip Material, 1921
    Eastman College Practice Bookkeeping Ledgers,1873
  • Box 14
     
    Eastman College Practice Bookkeeping Ledgers, 1873
    Speeches
    Rental Property Records, 1920-1938
    Financial Papers, 1884, 1888, 1941-1943, n.d.
    Advertising Literature
    Store Inventory
    Shipping Records, 1891-1909
    Notebooks
    Presbyterian Church Society Material
    Payroll Records
    Publications
  • Land Records, 1903-1919
     
    Land Records, 1903-1905
    Land Records, 1906-1908
    Land Records, 1909-1910
    Land Records, 1911-1919
  • Box 17
     
    Land Records, 1920-1947
    Land Division Records
    Land Correspondence, 1880-1949
    Land Surveys
    Land Abstracts and Misc. Items
    Land Abstracts and Misc. Items
    Timber Deeds, 1886-1891
    Timber Deeds, 1892-1897
  • Timber Deeds, 1898-1920
     
    Timber Deeds, 1898-1903
    Timber Deeds, 1904-1908
    Timber Deeds, 1909-1910
    Timber Deeds, 1911-1912
    Timber Deeds, 1913-1920
  • Timber: Correspondence, 1890-1936
     
    Timber Correspondence, 1837-1936
    Timber Financial Papers
    Timber Miscellaneous Items
    Timber Towing Records, 1915
    Timber Towing Records, 1916
    Farm Correspondence, 1897-1916
    Clifton Farm Records, 1935-1939
    Clifton Farm Operation Ledger
  • Farm: Tobacco Sales Records, 1941-1943.
     
    Farm Tobacco Sales, 1941-1943
    Legal Records, 1898-1922
    Mrs. W. T. Payne Estate Papers, 1913-1919
    Mutual Machine Co. Accounts, 1909
    Medical Expenses
    Misc. Financial Records
Letterpress Book, March - September 1888
Store Records: Daybook, 1797-1801
  • Store Records
     
    Store Records
    Store Records
    Store Records: Ledger, 1827-1829
    Store Records: Daybook, 1829-1831
    Store Records
    Store Records
    Store Records
Store Records: Daybook, 1834-1835
Store Records: Daybook, 1836-1837
Store Records: Daybook, 1838-1839
Store Records: Daybook, 1839-1840
Store Records: Ledger, 1833-1835
Store Records: Ledger, 1835-1839
Store Records: Ledger, 1839-1843
Store Records: Daybook, 1841-1842
Store Records: Daybook, 1841-1843
Store Records: Daybook, 1842-1844
Store Records: Daybook, 1844-1847
Store Records: Daybook, 1847 - January 1850
Store Records: Daybook, 1856-1858
Store Records: Journal, 1858-1867
Store Records: Ledger, 1865-1873
Store Records: Daybook, 1870-1872
  • Box 47
     
    Accounts: 1870-1871
    Store Records: Daybooks, 1874-1877
    Ledger, 1878
    Store Records: Daybook, 1876
Store Records: Ledger, 1874-1876
Store Records: Daybook, 1876-1878
Store Records: Ledger, 1880-1888
Store Records: Cashbook, 1880-1882
Store Records: Ledger, 1881
Store Records: Ledger, 1882-1883
Store Records: Daybook, 1880-1881
Store Records: Daybook, 1882-1883
Store Records: Ledger, 1882-1884
Store Records: Cashbook, 1883-1884
Store Records: Ledger, 1883
Store Records: Ledger, 1883-1885
Store Records: Daybook, 1884-1886
Store Records: Daybook, 1885-1886
Store Records: Ledger, 1885-1888
Store Records: Daybook, 1886-1887
Store Records: Cashbook, 1887-1889
Store Records: Orderbook, 1888
Store Records: Daybook, 1887-1888
Store Records: Ledger, 1888-1889
Store Records: Daybook, 1888-1889
Store Records: Daybook, 1889-1890
Store Records: Daybook, 1889-1890
Store Records: Ledger, 1890
Store Records: Orderbook, 1890-1891
Store Records: Ledger, 1891
Store Records: Daybook, 1890-1891
Store Records: Ledger, 1890-1891
Store Records: Daybook, 1891-1892
Store Records: Ledger, 1892
Store Records: Orderbook, 1892-1893
Store Records: Ledger, 1893
Store Records: Daybook, 1894
Store Records: Ledger, 1894
Store Records: Orderbook, 1895
Store Records: Orderbook, 1893
Store Records: Ledger, 1893-1894
Store Records: Daybook, 1894
Store Records: Orderbook, 1894-1896
Store Records: Orderbook, 1895
Store Records: Ledger, 1895
Store Records: Ledger, 1895-1898
Store Records: Daybook, 1895
Store Records: Ledger, 1896
Store Records: Ledger, 1897
Store Records: Orderbook, 1898
Store Records: Ledger, 1898
Store Records: Orderbook, 1899-1900
Store Records: Daybook, 1899-1900
Store Records: Ledger, 1899-1900
Store Records: Ledger, 1899-1902
Store Records: Orderbook, 1901
Store Records: Ledger, 1901
Store Records: Inventory, 1900-1902
Store Records: Ledger, 1902
Store Records: Ledger, 1902-1903
Store Records: Orderbook, 1903
Store Records: Orderbook, 1903
Store Records: Cash/Bills Receivable, 1901-1902
Store Records: Orderbook, 1902-1905
Store Records: Bankbook, 1903-1907
Store Records: Cashbook, 1903-1904
Store Records: Cashbook, 1906
Store Records: Daybook, 1907
Store Records: Orderbook, 1907
Store Records: Daily Statement, 1907-1908
Store Records: Cashbook, 1908
Store Records: Daybook, 1908
Store Records: Cashbook, 1908-1909
Store Records: Cashbook, 1909-1911
Store Records: Daybook, 1909
Store Records: Daybook, 1909-1910
Store Records: Daily Statements, 1909-1910
Store Records: Daily Statements, 1912
Store Records: Ledger, 1912
Store Records: Ledger, 1912-1914
Store Records: Cashbook, 1911-1913
Store Records: Cashbook, 1913
Store Records: Cashbook, 1913
Store Records: Daybook, 1914-1915
Store Records: Ledger, 1913-1917
Store Records: Ledger, 1913-1916
Store Records: Cashbook, 1920
Store Records: Cashbook, 1921-1922
Store Records: Cashbook, 1922-1923
Store Records: Daybook, 1921-1925
Store Records: Cashbook, 1923
Store Records: Cashbook, 1923-1924
Store Records: Cashbook, 1924-1925
Store Records: Cashbook, 1925
Store Records: Cashbook, 1925-1926
Store Records: Cashbook, 1926
Store Records: Cashbook, 1926-1927
Store Records: Cashbook, 1928
Store Records: Cashbook, 1928-1929
Store Records: Cashbook, 1929-1930
Store Records: Cashbook, 1933-1934
Store Records: Cashbook, 1934-1935
Store Records: Cashbook, 1934-1936
Store Records: Daybook, 1934
Store Records: Daybook, 1934-1936
Store Records: Cashbook, 1935-1937
Store Records: Daybook, 1936-1938
Store Records: Cashbook, 1937-1938
Store Records: Cashbook, 1938-1939
Store Records: Daybook, 1938-1939
Store Records: Letterbook, 1900
Store Records: Letterbook, 1905
Store Records: Ledger, 1902-1904
Store Records: Cashbook, 1905
Store Records: Daybook, 1910-1912
Store Records: Orderbook, 1913-1914
Store Records: Daybook, 1914-1917
Store Records: Orderbook, 1917-1919
Store Records: Savings and Trust, 1918
Store Records: Cashbook, 1939-1941
Store Records: Cashbook, 1941-1942
Store Records: Inventory, 1860-1882
Store Records: Inventory, 1885
Indian Refining Co.: Cashbook, 1912-1913
Indian Refining Co.: Ledger, 1920-1921
Indian Refining Co.: Ledger, 1922
Indian Refining Co.: Daybook, 1922
Indian Refining Co.: Daybook, 1930-1934
  • Box 173
     
    Shipping Records: Invoices, 1860-1877
    Log Records, 1880-1883
  • Box 174
     
    Shipping Records: Cashbook, 1876-1877
    Cargo Lists, 1879-1887
Shipping Records: Invoices, 1835-1850
Farm Records: Ledger, 1890-1891
Farm Records: Farm/Mill/Order Ledger, 1893-1895
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1901-1902
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1902
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1902-1903
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1903
Farm Records: Farm/Mill/Store Shipments Ledger, 1903-1909
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1905
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1905
Farm Records: Ledger, 1908-1910
Farm Records: Ledger, 1911
Farm Records: Ledger, 1911
Farm Records: Ledger, 1910-1911
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1914-1915
Farm Records: Ledger, 1914-1917
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1915-1917
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1917-1918
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1918
Farm Records: Ledger, 1926-1927
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1929-1930
Farm Records: Tobacco Sales, 1928-1930
Farm Records: Daybook/Cashbook, 1931-1933
Farm Records: Daybook/Cashbook, 1933
Farm Records: Ledger, 1931-1938
Farm Records: Ledger, 1935-1941
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1936-1937
Farm Records: Daybook, 1939-1942
Farm Records: Ledger, 1940-1943
Farm Records: Tobacco Book, 1946
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1946-1947
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1878-1883
Mill/Timber Records: Timber/Schooner Ledger, 1878-1913
Mill/Timber Records: Timberland Contracts, 1889-1911
Mill/Timber Records: Timberland Contracts, 1890-1903
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1893-1895
Mill/Timber Records: Mill Ledger/Log Accounts, 1892-1895
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1892-1897
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1892-1895
Mill/Timber Records: Mill/Logbook, 1895
Mill/Timber Records: Mill/Log Daybook, 1895-1897
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1896
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1897-1898
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1897-1898
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1896-1899
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1898-1899
Mill/Timber Records: Logbook, 1899
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1898-1899
Mill/Timber Records: Orderbook, 1899-1900
Mill/Timber Records: Rental Book, 1884-1914
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1900-1902
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1900-1901
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1901-1902
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1901
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1902
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1902-1905
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1902-1910
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1902-1904
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1904-1906
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1907-1908
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1907
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1906-1910
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1909
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1910
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1910
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1910-1917
Mill/Timber Records: Logbook, 1912-1915
Mill/Timber Records: Woodbook, 1913-1914
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1914-1915
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1915
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1917-1919
Miscellaneous: Naval Stores Daybook, 1842-1848
Miscellaneous: Naval Stores Cashbook, 1878-1879
Miscellaneous: Naval Stores, 1894-1901
Miscellaneous: Coal, 1885
Miscellaneous: Coal, 1903-1907
Miscellaneous: Store Construction Ledger, 1915
Miscellaneous: Collections, 1917-1918
Miscellaneous: Suppliers
The Credit Experience Guide from The Merchants Mercantile Agency, 1913
Miscellaneous: Tickets, 1898-1901
Miscellaneous: Tickets, 1907-1909
Payroll: Timber, 1890
Payroll: Mill, 1892-1897
Payroll: Mill, 1896-1898
Payroll: Mill, 1897-1899
Payroll: Mill, 1901-1903
Payroll: Mill, 1904
Payroll: Mill, 1905-1906
Payroll: Mill Ledger and Payroll, 1907-1908
Payroll: Mill, 1907-1908
Payroll: Mill, 1908-1909
Payroll: Mill, 1909-1910
Payroll: 1909-1910
Payroll: Mill, 1910-1911
Payroll: Mill, 1913-1915
Payroll: 1915
Payroll: 1915-1916
Payroll: Farm, 1917-1918
Land Plats; Photographs; Blueprints; Deeds; and Issues of The Davidsonian,1916-1918

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Container List

  • Correspondence: A-C
     
    Correspondence - A 1907-1911
    Correspondence - A 1912-1916
    Correspondence - A 1917-1946
    Correspondence - B 1908-1912
    Correspondence - B 1921-1931
    Correspondence - B 1913-1920
    Correspondence - C 1907-1909
  • Correspondence: C-D
     
    Correspondence - C 1910-1911
    Correspondence - C 1912-1913
    Correspondence - C 1914
    Correspondence - C 1915
    Correspondence - C 1916
    Correspondence - C 1917-1931
    Correspondence - D 1908-1930
  • Correspondence: E-H
     
    Correspondence - E 1882-1929
    Correspondence - F 1908-1912
    Correspondence - F 1913-1935
    Correspondence - G 1908-1930
    Correspondence - H 1901-1911
    Correspondence - H 1912-1914
  • Correspondence: H-L
     
    Correspondence - H 1915-1919
    Correspondence - H 1920
    Correspondence - H 1921-1931
    Correspondence - I 1908-1925
    Correspondence - J 1896-1915
    Correspondence - J 1916-1926
    Correspondence - K 1906-1930
    Correspondence - L 1908-1914
  • Correspondence: L-N
     
    Correspondence - L 1915-1925
    Correspondence - M 1890-1912
    Correspondence - M 1913-1915
    Correspondence - M 1916-1934
    Correspondence - N 1903-1912
    Correspondence - N 1913-1930
  • Correspondence: O-S
     
    Correspondence - O 1908-1925
    Correspondence - P 1902-1913
    Correspondence - P 1914-1930
    Correspondence - R 1907-1912
    Correspondence - R 1913-1941
    Correspondence - S 1904-1911
    Correspondence - S 1912-1914
  • Correspondence: S-W
     
    Correspondence - S 1915-1916
    Correspondence - S 1917-1920
    Correspondence - S 1921-1929
    Correspondence - T 1907-1913
    Correspondence - T 1914-1925
    Correspondence - T 1908-1923
    Correspondence - V 1911-1924
    Correspondence - W 1907-1911
  • Box 9
     
    Indian Refining Co. Correspondence, May-Aug. 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Correspondence, Sept. 1922-1923
    Indian Refining Co. Commission Statements, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. New Accounts, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Stock Statements, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Station Record, 1922
    Indian Refining Co. Ads
    Personal Correspondence, 1908-1956
  • Box 11
     
    James L. Fowle Correspondence, Jan.-Aug. 1917
    James L. Fowle Correspondence, Sept.-Dec. 1917
    James L. Fowle Correspondence, 1918-1939
    NO FOLDER OR CHECKOUT SLIP
    James L. Fowle Davidson College Material, 1915-1918
    James L. Fowle Davidson College Speeches and Class Notes
Mary Payne Fowle Journal, 1893-1918
  • Mary Payne Fowle: DAR Material; U.D.C. Material; Ladies Benevolent Society Records, 1881-1904
     
    Mary Payne Fowle DAR Material
    Mary Payne Fowle UDC Material
    Mary Payne Fowle Ladie's Benevolent Society Records, 1881-1904
    Mary Payne Fowle Club Yearbooks
    Mary Payne Fowle Women's Club Material
    Mary Payne Fowle Speeches
    Mary Payne Fowle European Trip Material, 1921
    Mary Payne Fowle European Trip Material, 1921
    Eastman College Practice Bookkeeping Ledgers,1873
  • Box 14
     
    Eastman College Practice Bookkeeping Ledgers, 1873
    Speeches
    Rental Property Records, 1920-1938
    Financial Papers, 1884, 1888, 1941-1943, n.d.
    Advertising Literature
    Store Inventory
    Shipping Records, 1891-1909
    Notebooks
    Presbyterian Church Society Material
    Payroll Records
    Publications
  • Land Records, 1903-1919
     
    Land Records, 1903-1905
    Land Records, 1906-1908
    Land Records, 1909-1910
    Land Records, 1911-1919
  • Box 17
     
    Land Records, 1920-1947
    Land Division Records
    Land Correspondence, 1880-1949
    Land Surveys
    Land Abstracts and Misc. Items
    Land Abstracts and Misc. Items
    Timber Deeds, 1886-1891
    Timber Deeds, 1892-1897
  • Timber Deeds, 1898-1920
     
    Timber Deeds, 1898-1903
    Timber Deeds, 1904-1908
    Timber Deeds, 1909-1910
    Timber Deeds, 1911-1912
    Timber Deeds, 1913-1920
  • Timber: Correspondence, 1890-1936
     
    Timber Correspondence, 1837-1936
    Timber Financial Papers
    Timber Miscellaneous Items
    Timber Towing Records, 1915
    Timber Towing Records, 1916
    Farm Correspondence, 1897-1916
    Clifton Farm Records, 1935-1939
    Clifton Farm Operation Ledger
  • Farm: Tobacco Sales Records, 1941-1943.
     
    Farm Tobacco Sales, 1941-1943
    Legal Records, 1898-1922
    Mrs. W. T. Payne Estate Papers, 1913-1919
    Mutual Machine Co. Accounts, 1909
    Medical Expenses
    Misc. Financial Records
Letterpress Book, March - September 1888
Store Records: Daybook, 1797-1801
  • Store Records
     
    Store Records
    Store Records
    Store Records: Ledger, 1827-1829
    Store Records: Daybook, 1829-1831
    Store Records
    Store Records
    Store Records
Store Records: Daybook, 1834-1835
Store Records: Daybook, 1836-1837
Store Records: Daybook, 1838-1839
Store Records: Daybook, 1839-1840
Store Records: Ledger, 1833-1835
Store Records: Ledger, 1835-1839
Store Records: Ledger, 1839-1843
Store Records: Daybook, 1841-1842
Store Records: Daybook, 1841-1843
Store Records: Daybook, 1842-1844
Store Records: Daybook, 1844-1847
Store Records: Daybook, 1847 - January 1850
Store Records: Daybook, 1856-1858
Store Records: Journal, 1858-1867
Store Records: Ledger, 1865-1873
Store Records: Daybook, 1870-1872
  • Box 47
     
    Accounts: 1870-1871
    Store Records: Daybooks, 1874-1877
    Ledger, 1878
    Store Records: Daybook, 1876
Store Records: Ledger, 1874-1876
Store Records: Daybook, 1876-1878
Store Records: Ledger, 1880-1888
Store Records: Cashbook, 1880-1882
Store Records: Ledger, 1881
Store Records: Ledger, 1882-1883
Store Records: Daybook, 1880-1881
Store Records: Daybook, 1882-1883
Store Records: Ledger, 1882-1884
Store Records: Cashbook, 1883-1884
Store Records: Ledger, 1883
Store Records: Ledger, 1883-1885
Store Records: Daybook, 1884-1886
Store Records: Daybook, 1885-1886
Store Records: Ledger, 1885-1888
Store Records: Daybook, 1886-1887
Store Records: Cashbook, 1887-1889
Store Records: Orderbook, 1888
Store Records: Daybook, 1887-1888
Store Records: Ledger, 1888-1889
Store Records: Daybook, 1888-1889
Store Records: Daybook, 1889-1890
Store Records: Daybook, 1889-1890
Store Records: Ledger, 1890
Store Records: Orderbook, 1890-1891
Store Records: Ledger, 1891
Store Records: Daybook, 1890-1891
Store Records: Ledger, 1890-1891
Store Records: Daybook, 1891-1892
Store Records: Ledger, 1892
Store Records: Orderbook, 1892-1893
Store Records: Ledger, 1893
Store Records: Daybook, 1894
Store Records: Ledger, 1894
Store Records: Orderbook, 1895
Store Records: Orderbook, 1893
Store Records: Ledger, 1893-1894
Store Records: Daybook, 1894
Store Records: Orderbook, 1894-1896
Store Records: Orderbook, 1895
Store Records: Ledger, 1895
Store Records: Ledger, 1895-1898
Store Records: Daybook, 1895
Store Records: Ledger, 1896
Store Records: Ledger, 1897
Store Records: Orderbook, 1898
Store Records: Ledger, 1898
Store Records: Orderbook, 1899-1900
Store Records: Daybook, 1899-1900
Store Records: Ledger, 1899-1900
Store Records: Ledger, 1899-1902
Store Records: Orderbook, 1901
Store Records: Ledger, 1901
Store Records: Inventory, 1900-1902
Store Records: Ledger, 1902
Store Records: Ledger, 1902-1903
Store Records: Orderbook, 1903
Store Records: Orderbook, 1903
Store Records: Cash/Bills Receivable, 1901-1902
Store Records: Orderbook, 1902-1905
Store Records: Bankbook, 1903-1907
Store Records: Cashbook, 1903-1904
Store Records: Cashbook, 1906
Store Records: Daybook, 1907
Store Records: Orderbook, 1907
Store Records: Daily Statement, 1907-1908
Store Records: Cashbook, 1908
Store Records: Daybook, 1908
Store Records: Cashbook, 1908-1909
Store Records: Cashbook, 1909-1911
Store Records: Daybook, 1909
Store Records: Daybook, 1909-1910
Store Records: Daily Statements, 1909-1910
Store Records: Daily Statements, 1912
Store Records: Ledger, 1912
Store Records: Ledger, 1912-1914
Store Records: Cashbook, 1911-1913
Store Records: Cashbook, 1913
Store Records: Cashbook, 1913
Store Records: Daybook, 1914-1915
Store Records: Ledger, 1913-1917
Store Records: Ledger, 1913-1916
Store Records: Cashbook, 1920
Store Records: Cashbook, 1921-1922
Store Records: Cashbook, 1922-1923
Store Records: Daybook, 1921-1925
Store Records: Cashbook, 1923
Store Records: Cashbook, 1923-1924
Store Records: Cashbook, 1924-1925
Store Records: Cashbook, 1925
Store Records: Cashbook, 1925-1926
Store Records: Cashbook, 1926
Store Records: Cashbook, 1926-1927
Store Records: Cashbook, 1928
Store Records: Cashbook, 1928-1929
Store Records: Cashbook, 1929-1930
Store Records: Cashbook, 1933-1934
Store Records: Cashbook, 1934-1935
Store Records: Cashbook, 1934-1936
Store Records: Daybook, 1934
Store Records: Daybook, 1934-1936
Store Records: Cashbook, 1935-1937
Store Records: Daybook, 1936-1938
Store Records: Cashbook, 1937-1938
Store Records: Cashbook, 1938-1939
Store Records: Daybook, 1938-1939
Store Records: Letterbook, 1900
Store Records: Letterbook, 1905
Store Records: Ledger, 1902-1904
Store Records: Cashbook, 1905
Store Records: Daybook, 1910-1912
Store Records: Orderbook, 1913-1914
Store Records: Daybook, 1914-1917
Store Records: Orderbook, 1917-1919
Store Records: Savings and Trust, 1918
Store Records: Cashbook, 1939-1941
Store Records: Cashbook, 1941-1942
Store Records: Inventory, 1860-1882
Store Records: Inventory, 1885
Indian Refining Co.: Cashbook, 1912-1913
Indian Refining Co.: Ledger, 1920-1921
Indian Refining Co.: Ledger, 1922
Indian Refining Co.: Daybook, 1922
Indian Refining Co.: Daybook, 1930-1934
  • Box 173
     
    Shipping Records: Invoices, 1860-1877
    Log Records, 1880-1883
  • Box 174
     
    Shipping Records: Cashbook, 1876-1877
    Cargo Lists, 1879-1887
Shipping Records: Invoices, 1835-1850
Farm Records: Ledger, 1890-1891
Farm Records: Farm/Mill/Order Ledger, 1893-1895
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1901-1902
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1902
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1902-1903
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1903
Farm Records: Farm/Mill/Store Shipments Ledger, 1903-1909
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1905
Farm Records: Orderbook, 1905
Farm Records: Ledger, 1908-1910
Farm Records: Ledger, 1911
Farm Records: Ledger, 1911
Farm Records: Ledger, 1910-1911
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1914-1915
Farm Records: Ledger, 1914-1917
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1915-1917
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1917-1918
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1918
Farm Records: Ledger, 1926-1927
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1929-1930
Farm Records: Tobacco Sales, 1928-1930
Farm Records: Daybook/Cashbook, 1931-1933
Farm Records: Daybook/Cashbook, 1933
Farm Records: Ledger, 1931-1938
Farm Records: Ledger, 1935-1941
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1936-1937
Farm Records: Daybook, 1939-1942
Farm Records: Ledger, 1940-1943
Farm Records: Tobacco Book, 1946
Farm Records: Cashbook, 1946-1947
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1878-1883
Mill/Timber Records: Timber/Schooner Ledger, 1878-1913
Mill/Timber Records: Timberland Contracts, 1889-1911
Mill/Timber Records: Timberland Contracts, 1890-1903
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1893-1895
Mill/Timber Records: Mill Ledger/Log Accounts, 1892-1895
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1892-1897
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1892-1895
Mill/Timber Records: Mill/Logbook, 1895
Mill/Timber Records: Mill/Log Daybook, 1895-1897
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1896
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1897-1898
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1897-1898
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1896-1899
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1898-1899
Mill/Timber Records: Logbook, 1899
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1898-1899
Mill/Timber Records: Orderbook, 1899-1900
Mill/Timber Records: Rental Book, 1884-1914
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1900-1902
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1900-1901
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1901-1902
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1901
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1902
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1902-1905
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1902-1910
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1902-1904
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1904-1906
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1907-1908
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1907
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1906-1910
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1909
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1910
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1910
Mill/Timber Records: Timberbook, 1910-1917
Mill/Timber Records: Logbook, 1912-1915
Mill/Timber Records: Woodbook, 1913-1914
Mill/Timber Records: Daybook, 1914-1915
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1915
Mill/Timber Records: Ledger, 1917-1919
Miscellaneous: Naval Stores Daybook, 1842-1848
Miscellaneous: Naval Stores Cashbook, 1878-1879
Miscellaneous: Naval Stores, 1894-1901
Miscellaneous: Coal, 1885
Miscellaneous: Coal, 1903-1907
Miscellaneous: Store Construction Ledger, 1915
Miscellaneous: Collections, 1917-1918
Miscellaneous: Suppliers
The Credit Experience Guide from The Merchants Mercantile Agency, 1913
Miscellaneous: Tickets, 1898-1901
Miscellaneous: Tickets, 1907-1909
Payroll: Timber, 1890
Payroll: Mill, 1892-1897
Payroll: Mill, 1896-1898
Payroll: Mill, 1897-1899
Payroll: Mill, 1901-1903
Payroll: Mill, 1904
Payroll: Mill, 1905-1906
Payroll: Mill Ledger and Payroll, 1907-1908
Payroll: Mill, 1907-1908
Payroll: Mill, 1908-1909
Payroll: Mill, 1909-1910
Payroll: 1909-1910
Payroll: Mill, 1910-1911
Payroll: Mill, 1913-1915
Payroll: 1915
Payroll: 1915-1916
Payroll: Farm, 1917-1918
Land Plats; Photographs; Blueprints; Deeds; and Issues of The Davidsonian,1916-1918


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