The collection contains the papers of one of the brothers, Noah Buchanan, and his children. There is only one letter (1850) which concerns Noah Buchanan. The bulk of the correspondence is written to or from his sons Nathan J., Alvin G., and Dr. J. R. Buchanan. The receipts, accounts, bills of sale, etc., indicate the activities of Noah Buchanan from 1822 to his death in 1854.
Items of particular interest are the letters of Nathan J. Buchanan, written from Wharton County, Texas, to his brother Alvin G. Buchanan between the years 1855 and 1861. In these letters he relates, briefly, the rapid growth of Texas, the local weather, crops grown, prices of slaves, land costs, and the incursion of Mexicans and Indians into Texas. Also included in the correspondence are two letters (1861), possibly from a cousin of the Buchanans, W. J. Yarbrough, relating the location and activities of Camp Wiot [Wyatt], a Confederate camp located in New Hanover County, North Carolina.
The bulk of the collection consists of receipts, accounts, notes, bills of sale, etc. Of particular interest is a Warrant for Arrest, dated 19 May 1820, and issued in Chatham County, against John C. Boling for non-payment of debt.
The inventory of the estate of Noah Buchanan, conducted on 2 September 1854, by Alvin G. Buchanan, lists his property and financial holdings, and his Negro slaves by name.
Miscellaneous material includes an 1861 leather bound notebook containing entries concerning farm work and a Democratic Party presidential campaign leaflet (1912) portraying Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall and citing portions of recent speeches and public pronouncements.